He discusses theory of mind and situated cognition to evaluate Iago's overmentalizing; cognitive behavioral therapy and Stoic philosophy to understand Iago and his masochism, arguing that masochism allows Iago to negate his hyperattunment to others and permits release; Iago in terms of the neural sublime, or the cognitive unconscious; and Othello's cognitions and mindblindness.
This is usually called mindblindness or for academics, the theory of mind, explaining how people with AS find it challenging to "read between the lines" or understand unsaid feelings that go with our everyday interactions with others.
Earlier books include Prenatal Testosterone in Mind (MIT Press, 2005), The Essential Difference: Men, Women and the Extreme Male Brain (Penguin UK/Basic Books, 2003), and Mindblindness (MIT Press, 1995).
He viewed mindblindness as a core deficit in autism, and "it is now widely accepted that individuals with autism are impaired in the intuitive understanding that people have mental states" (Hill & Frith, 2004, p.
While it is the "best way" (Baron-Cohen, Mindblindness 21) to understand others, it is not perfect; we do not always mindread successfully--as dramatically presented in McEwan's Enduring Love.
Joe closely observes Parry's expressive movements, his "hands resting on his hips, staring not at Logan but at me" (Baron-Cohen, Mindblindness 106, 109).
The "rapid comprehension and prediction of another organism's behaviour" (Baron-Cohen, Mindblindness 12) is necessary to maximize an individual's survival, but survival, as represented in the novel's opening scene, is also dependent upon chance.