middle meningeal artery


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Related to middle meningeal artery: Accessory meningeal artery, Middle meningeal nerve

mid·dle me·nin·ge·al ar·ter·y

[TA]
origin, maxillary; branches, petrosal, superior tympanic, frontal and parietal; distribution, to parts mentioned and through terminal branches to anterior and middle cranial fossae; anastomoses, meningeal branches of occipital, ascending pharyngeal, ophthalmic and lacrimal, stylomastoid, accessory meningeal branch of maxillary, and deep temporal.
Synonym(s): arteria meningea media [TA]

middle meningeal artery

The third branch of the first segment of the maxillary artery. It enters the cranial cavity through the foramen ovale and runs dorsally in the dura, branching widely along the side of the skull. It divides into a frontal and a parietal branch.
See also: artery

mid·dle me·nin·ge·al ar·te·ry

(midĕl mĕ-ninjē-ăl ahrtĕr-ē) [TA]
Origin, maxillary; branches, petrosal, superior tympanic, frontal and parietal; distribution, to parts mentioned and through terminal branches to anterior and middle cranial fossae; anastomoses, meningeal branches of occipital, ascending pharyngeal, ophthalmic and lacrimal, stylomastoid, accessory meningeal branch of maxillary, and deep temporal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ramus superior persists into adulthood as the intracranial part of middle meningeal artery. Wible (1987) recognized anterior and posterior divisions of the ramus superior.
GROSS ANATOMY AND CLINICAL CORELATION: The vessels passing through the superior orbital fissure and the cranioorbital foramen contribute to arterial supply of anterior part of dura of middle cranial fossa and form anastomoses between ophthalmic artery and middle meningeal artery or dural branches of internal carotid artery.
Orbital branches of middle meningeal artery passing through cranioorbital foramen is thought to be main vascular supply to meningiomas in the anterior cranial fossa as indicated by Kuru (1967).
An anastomosis between middle meningeal artery and recurrent meningeal branch of lacrimal artery was found to be usual.
Thus anastomoses may be postulated between infraorbital and middle meningeal artery via lacrimal artery.
Padget (1948) found that middle meningeal artery is formed from common stem of mandibular and maxillary branches of stapedial artery (external carotid artery fusing with this stem); and proximal part of supraorbital branch of stapedial artery.