microvascular decompression


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Related to microvascular decompression: trigeminal neuralgia

microvascular decompression

A procedure for reducing cranial nerve compression by vessels within the cranial cavity.
 
Indications
Hemifacial spasm, glossopharyngeal neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia.

Method
A corridor is cut along the petrous temporal bone and arachnoid around the neurovascular structures to reduce cranial nerve pressure; arteries and some veins are rerouted with stents, while minor compressive veins are electrocauterised. It may be useful for managing trigeminal neuralgia.

microvascular decompression

Corridor procedure Neurosurgery
A procedure for cranial rhizopathies, to ↓ pressure on nerves compressed by vessels in a confined space–eg, in the cranial cavity Indications Hemifacial spasm, glossopharyngeal neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia
References in periodicals archive ?
Microvascular decompression in the management of glossopharyngeal neuralgia: analysis of 217 cases.
Microvascular decompression for glossopharyngeal neuralgia: long-term effectiveness and complication avoidance.
Long term efficacy of microvascular decompression in trigeminal neuralgia.
Microvascular decompression is an operative procedure used to relieve the compression and/or contact between a vessel and the root entry zone of the trigeminal nerve.
Jannetta's earlier observations on essential hypertension, the observations presented [in the current study] are valuable starting points for questions related to the exact location of arterial compression relevant to type 2 diabetes mellitus, the best experimental measure of response, and the subset of patients most likely to benefit from microvascular decompression surgery.
Patients who require microvascular decompression or even those for whom long-term medical management is possible, should seek a program dedicated exclusively to these diseases, with solid outcomes data.