microtubule

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microtubule

 [mi″kro-tu´būl]
any of the slender, tubular structures, composed chiefly of tubulin, found in the cytoplasmic ground substance of nearly all cells; they are involved in maintenance of cell shape and in the movements of organelles and inclusions, and form the spindle fibers of mitosis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

mi·cro·tu·bule

(mī'krō-tū'byūl),
A hollow, cylindric cytoplasmic element, 25 nm in diameter and of variable length, that occurs widely in the cytoskeleton, cilia, and flagella of cells; microtubules play a role in the maintenance of cell shape and increase in number during mitosis and meiosis, in which they are related to movement of the chromosomes by the nuclear spindle.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

microtubule

(mī′krō-to͞o′byo͞ol, -tyo͞o-)
n.
Any of the cylindrical hollow tubulin-containing structures that are found in the cytoplasm, cilia, and flagella of eukaryotic cells and are involved in determining cell shape and structure and directing the movement of organelles and chromosomes. Microtubules, along with microfilaments and intermediate filaments, make up a cell's cytoskeleton.

mi′cro·tu′bu·lar adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

microtubule

A cylindrical tube measuring 20–25 nm in diameter, composed of protofilaments which are in turn composed of alpha- and beta-tubulin polymers. Each microtubule is polarised: at one end (the negative (-) end), alpha-subunits are exposed; at the other end (the positive (+) end), beta-subunits are exposed. Microtubules act as a scaffolding to determine cell shape, and provide a matrix on which cell organelles and vesicles move, a process requiring motor proteins, including kinesin (which moves towards the (+) end of the microtubule) and dynein (which generally moves towards the (-) end). Microtubules also form the spindle fibres for separating chromosomes during mitosis.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

mi·cro·tu·bule

(mī'krō-tū'byūl)
A cylindric cytoplasmic element that occurs widely in the cytoskeleton of plant and animal cells; microtubules increase in number during mitosis and meiosis, where they may be related to movement of the chromosomes or chromatids on the nuclear spindle during nuclear division.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

microtubule

or

neurotubule

a hollow filament about 20–25 nm in diameter found in EUKARYOTE cells, composed of ACTIN-like protein called tubulin. Microtubules are thought to make up the CYTOSKELETON of the cell, the spindle fibres of MEIOSIS and MITOSIS, (See also COLCHICINE and, in some cells of plants and animals, form the 9 + 2 structure of the CILIUM and FLAGELLUM.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

mi·cro·tu·bule

(mī'krō-tū'byūl)
A cylindric cytoplasmic element that occurs widely in the cytoskeleton of plant and animal cells; microtubules increase in number during mitosis and meiosis.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
hydropitys donde se pueden ver asociados mitocondrias y plastidios, y zonas donde se ubican solo mitocondrias, que estan completamente rodeadas por las raices microtubulares. Estas caracteristicas ultraestructurales al parecer son comunes para las especies de Chara (Pickett-Heaps, 1968; Cocucci & Caceres, 1976; Robert, 1979; Vouilloud et al., 2010, 2012), pero no para los anterozoides de las especies de Nitella (Turner, 1968; Vouilloud et al., 2010).
Los microtubulos se asocian en estructuras mas complejas denominadas centriolos, formadas por un conjunto de nueve tripletes microtubulares con forma cilindrica; a su vez, los centriolos se agrupan por pares en estructuras de cruz.
We hypothesize that the exercise of the muscle most likely starts to remodel the cytoskeleton, including the microtubular network, toward a more normal phenotype.
Another effect of gossypol is the reduction of cellular and microtubular [beta]-tubular content in spermatocytes and spermatids [125].
CIG Protects Microtubular Cytoskeleton against Injury Induced by WT/GFX.
The results indicate that the microtubular network was affected by both SeMet and SSe; however, this network is even more affected in cells exposed to SSe.
They have also been reported to modulate components of the immune system in mice by disrupting intracellular microtubular networks [21].
The microtubular manchette around the elongating nucleus observed in the R.
However, if the nanoparticles are accumulated in the brain, which can be caused due to the malfunction of iron metabolism in brain cells and due to the improper conservation of iron in a protein called ferritin, the abovementioned interaction may be damaged, and nanoparticles connect with microtubules and tau protein, which results in the instability of microtubular polymers.