microsurgery


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

microsurgery

 [mi″kro-ser´jer-e]
dissection of minute structures under the microscope with the use of extremely small instruments. With increasingly sophisticated operating microscopes surgeons are able to perform tissue transfers without the cumbersome standard transfer procedures, such as the tubed pedicle graft and cross-leg flap, that were once necessary to ensure adequate blood supply to the grafted part. Microvascular surgery permits anastomosis of peripheral blood vessels less than 2 mm in diameter. Similarly, microneural techniques allow the surgeon to reestablish sensation by repairing or replacing severed and damaged peripheral nerves. Because of the advances in microsurgery, it is possible to reattach amputated parts, provided the health status of the patient and the condition of the amputated part are favorable.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

mi·cro·sur·ger·y

(mī'krō-sŭr'jĕr-ē),
Surgical procedures performed under the magnification of a surgical microscope.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

microsurgery

A surgical procedure performed with the aid of a low-power (7x to 15x) operating microscope, using special equipment, surgical thread, clamps, and scalpels, to repair severed blood vessels, nerves or other structures. While it is primarily used in plastic surgery, microsurgical techniques are being incorporated into most other fields of surgery and may become linked with robotic surgery.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

microsurgery

Surgery A surgical procedure performed with the aid of a low-power–7x to 15x microscope, using special equipment, surgical thread, clamps, scalpels, to repair severed blood vessels or nerves or other structures. See Free flap microsurgery, Laryngeal microsurgery.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

mi·cro·sur·ger·y

(mī'krō-sŭr'jĕr-ē)
Surgical procedures performed under the magnification of a surgical microscope.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

microsurgery

Surgery in which the operation field is magnified 2 to about 40 times by means of an operating microscope. Appropriately miniaturized operating instruments are used. This method allows a high degree of precision in the cutting, approximation and stitching (suturing) of small parts and is widely used by ophthalmologists, ENT surgeons and vascular surgeons. To a lesser extent, microsurgery is employed in gynaecology and urology.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Microsurgery

Surgery on small body structures or cells performed with the aid of a microscope and other specialized instruments.
Mentioned in: General Surgery
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

mi·cro·sur·ger·y

(mī'krō-sŭr'jĕr-ē)
Surgical procedures performed under the magnification of a surgical microscope.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Objective: To evaluate whether microsurgery gains better result in root coverage compared to conventional surgical techniques.
Microsurgery is often used to operate on tissue such as nerves and blood vessels and on small structures in the eye, middle ear and reproductive system.
Periodontal microsurgery is defined as refinements in existing basic surgical techniques that are made possible by the use of the surgical microscope and subsequent improved visual acuity.
This reference on surgical techniques and technology in vitreous microsurgery offers detailed, high-quality, computer-aided color illustrations of surgical steps, plus color photos of equipment used in vitreous microsurgery.
Turkish Reconstructive Microsurgery Association's Chairman Prof.
Applications include explosive ordinance disposal, dental training, control of remote assembly robots, blood flow measurements in the human fingertip, human texture perception, visualization of 3D data, and microsurgery.
Each year, the LDF awards grants totalling pounds 300,000 across a wide range of fields, including microsurgery, toxicology, breast and lung cancer, Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, cot death, cataracts and brain damage.
Synergetics designs, manufactures and markets microsurgical instruments to assist and enable surgeons who perform microsurgery. The company's primary focus is on the microsurgical disciplines of ophthalmology and neurosurgery.
* Ideal for use for upper extremity surgery including carpal tunnel release (open, endoscopic or balloon), tendon repair, fixation of fractures and reconstructive hand and wrist surgery including arthroplasty, microsurgery and insertion of IV or arterial lines.
The Melbourne-based Bernard O'Brien Institute of Microsurgery, which pioneered the procedure, said it hopes to develop a biodegradable chamber within 24 months, which would mean it would dissolve once filled.
JDSU said that in addition to micromachining, picosecond lasers are used for technology applications related to microsurgery, robotics, biological warfare detection and high-precision optical radar.