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 [jin-ji´vah, jin´jĭ-vah] (pl. gin´givae) (L.)
the part of the oral mucosa covering the tooth-bearing border of the jaw; called also gum.
Anatomical relationship of normal gingiva in facial view (A) and in cross-section (B). From Darby and Walsh, 1994.
alveolar gingiva attached gingiva.
areolar gingiva the portion attached to the alveolar process by loose areolar connective tissue.
attached gingiva that portion of the gingiva which is firm and resilient and is bound to the underlying cementum and the alveolar bone, thus being immovable. Called also alveolar gingiva.
free gingiva the portion that surrounds the tooth and is not directly attached to the tooth surface.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


, gen. and pl.


(jin'ji-vă, -vē), [TA] Although the correct pronunciation is gingi'va, the word is often pronounced gin'giva in the U.S.
The dense fibrous tissue and overlying mucous membrane enveloping the alveolar processes of the upper and lower jaws and surrounding the necks of the teeth.
Synonym(s): gum2
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


(jĭn′jə-və, jĭn-jī′-)
n. pl. gingi·vae (-vē′)
See gum2.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


, pl. gingivae (jin'ji-vă, -vē) [TA]
The dense fibrous tissue, covered by mucous membrane, that envelops the alveolar processes of the upper and lower jaws and surrounds the necks of the teeth.
Synonym(s): gum (2) .
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


The gum.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005


, pl. gingivae (jin'ji-vă, -vē) [TA]
Dense fibrous tissue and overlying mucous membrane enveloping alveolar processes of upper and lower jaws and surrounding necks of teeth.
Synonym(s): gum (1) .
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about gingiva

Q. What are the opportunities to restore gums? My gum on the lower jaw gets less and less, opening the roots of my teeth. Is there any technology or recurement to stop it and, hopefully, draw back?

A. Treatment of receding gums start with treating the cause - improving overall oral hygiene, including brushing habits (too powerful brushing may damage the gums), as well as periodic tooth cleaning at the dentist.

More sever situation may necessitate treatments done by a dentist. Consulting one may be wise.

You may read more here:

Q. Is it dangerous to swallow a bubble gum? My 4 year old child always swallows his chewing gum and I am worried that it can harm him

A. what about when your 45 yrs old and still swallowing gum? we had a debate with my older sister about this.

More discussions about gingiva
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