When the genetic syndromes or deformational factors disrupt fetal growth, thus results in micrognathia
and causes retro positioning of the tongue.
The most common craniofacial characteristics include facial asymmetry, variable pre-auricular ear pits or skin tags, hooded eyelids, deep-set eyes, myopia/strabismus, cleft palate, micrognathia
, misaligned and crowded teeth and a hanging columella.
External anomalies of the head, including micrognathia
and low set, posteriorly rotated ears.
In the present case, some findings, especially disorders of sex development, hypertelorism, small nose and mouth, long philtrum, micrognathia
, widely spaced nipples and severe hypotonia, were compatible with 9p deletion syndrome.
 In addition, micrognathia
, retrognathia, macroglossia, adenotonsillar hypertrophy, and nasal obstruction can also cause snoring.
Occasionally, even though the glottis is visualized, OTT orientation is difficult, because it tends to slide posteriorly, an issue found commonly in pediatric patients with micrognathia
, short neck, and limited cervical extension, creating the need for the use of introducers or intubation guides at the time of inserting the OTT; (7-9) external laryngeal manipulation can also be used to solve the issue and guide orotracheal intubation with the Airtraq.
and cleft palate were recognized at birth, and he was followed in an intensive care unit and fed with a baby bottle for 20 days after birth (Figure 1).
On physical examination, he was found to have micrognathia
with glossoptosis, high and large cleft palate.
Her distinctive facial features were the cloudy cornea, exophthalmos, underdeveloped ala nasi, maxillary hypoplasia, and micrognathia
An aetiology of central hypoventilation, dysphagia, Mobius syndrome and micrognathia
," European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, vol.
There may be associated morphological abnormalities (short stature, broad nasal bridge, micrognathia
), ophthalmological abnormalities (chronic corneal inflammation), and haematological disorders (episodic cytopenia) [10-12].
Cephalometric analysis ascertained micrognathia
. There are surgical (three-phase) and nonsurgical (two-phase) procedures.