microfilaremia

(redirected from microfilaraemia)

microfilaremia

 [mi″kro-fil″ah-re´me-ah]
the presence of microfilariae in the circulating blood.

mi·cro·fil·a·re·mi·a

(mī'krō-fil'ă-rē'mē-ă),
Infection of the blood with microfilariae. Microfilaremia caused by Wuchereria bancrofti is characterized by sharp nocturnal periodicity, apparently tied to the nocturnal habits of the vector mosquitoes; in geographic areas where mosquitoes are not strictly night-biters (as in areas of Polynesia), the microfilarial periodicity is modified or absent.
See also: periodic filariasis.

mi·cro·fil·a·re·mi·a

(mī'krō-fil-ă-rē'mē-ă)
Infection of the blood with microfilariae.
Synonym(s): microfilaraemia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dreyer, "Occurrence of living adult Wuchereria bancrofti in the scrotal area of men with microfilaraemia," Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.
Studies carried out in human subjects for the microfilaricidal and adulticidal effect of doxycycline showed significant reduction in microfilaraemia and antigenaemia after 8 weeks doxycycline treatment (8,9,10,11).
This could witness the usual difficulties encountered to confirm LF, as the diagnosis mainly relies on the microscopical observation of microfilaria (MF) that become usually detectable at night time and also as the disease takes months to years to become symptomatic or even may remain asymptomatic with or without microfilaraemia. Interestingly, it is worth noting that the recent case reported by Chew and Teh [24] was based on ultrasound (US) and the observation of the filarial dance sign (FDS), an alternative diagnosis method for LF, commonly used in India [25] and not on the detection of MF in blood.
Immunoepidemiology of Wuchereria bancrofti infection in two east African communities: Antibodies to the microfilarial sheath and their role in regulating microfilaraemia. Acta Trop 2008; 106: 200-6.
Mansonella perstans filariasis in Uganda: patterns of microfilaraemia and clinical manifestations in two endemic communities.
Gill, "Microfilaraemia in Australian native birds," Australian Veterinary Journal, vol.
The significance of low density microfilaraemia in the transmission of Wuchereria bancrofti by Culex (Culex) quinquefasciatus Say in Sri Lanka.
bancrofti (7), it was estimated that about 2,765 infective bites would be the average exposure leading to patent microfilaraemia where the mean annual biting rate (ABR) exceeded 80,000 bites/person/year and the mricrofilaraemia rate among adults of different ethnic groups reached 4-11%.
These combinations produced prolonged suppression of microfilaraemia (mf) than either drug alone (9-11).