The high proportion of microcytic anaemia
and the fact that gender differences were only seen after the menarche period in women indicate that iron deficiency was the main cause of anaemia.
Khalil Babar of final year talked about "Frequency of Iron Deficiency Anaemia in patients with Microcytic Anaemia
" and found only 60% of such people had iron deficiency.
The majority of anaemic children 231 (83.7%) had microcytic anaemia
. The GMPD for children with microcytic anaemia
was generally higher (725.99 [+ or -] 29175.89) than that for individuals with normocytic anaemia (660.96 [+ or -] 1754.29).
Diagnosis generally requires the presence of chronic infection, inflammation, or cancer; marginal normocytic and later microcytic anaemia
; and abnormal values for iron studies.
A total 100 patients with hypochromic microcytic anaemia
were included in this study comprising 36 males and 64 females; of which 85 cases were of Iron deficiency anaemia IDA (27 males and 58 females), and 15 cases were of [beta]-Thalassemia trait (09 males and 06 females).
Although iron deficiency typically causes a microcytic anaemia
and [B.sub.12] and folate deficiency a macrocytic anaemia, this distinction often becomes blurred in HIV patients who typically become macrocytic while receiving ART.
Hypochromic microcytic anaemia
was the most common finding in the peripheral smear of both study groups, 94% and 90% respectively, signifying iron deficiency as the most common cause.
(2,6-8) Some authors only measure serum ferritin if the markers of microcytic anaemia
are not consistent with IDA.
Typing of anaemia was by morphological examination of the peripheral blood film, done by one independent senior laboratory technologist; 87 patients (34.1%) had hypochromic microcytic anaemia
and 29 (11.4%) hypochromic normocytic anaemia.
India being the diabetic capital of the world, along with microcytic anaemia
prevailing so common in the community, needs certain measures to prevent false reporting of diabetic cases.
Surgically curable non-iron deficiency microcytic anaemia
: Castleman's disease.
Among the female population, equal incidences of normocytic normochromic anaemia and microcytic anaemia
were found with incidence of 38% and macrocytic anaemia showed an incidence of 12%.