microbiota


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microbiota

 [mi″kro-bi-o´tah]
the microscopic living organisms of a region. adj., adj microbiot´ic.

microbiota

(mī′krō-bī-ō′tə)
n.
(used with a sing. or pl. verb) The microorganisms that typically inhabit a particular environment, such as the soil, a body of water, or a site on or in an organism, considered as a group. Also called microbiome.

mi·cro·bi·o·ta

(mīkrō-bī-ōtă)
Collective term for microflora (i.e., any type of minute organism) that may be found within a given environment.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recently, the link between gut microbiota and cardiovascular disease is gaining scientists attention.
New research points to the use ofantibioticsand the changes that such use may lead to in a person's gut microbiota as potential causes of RA.
"While we have long known of the unexplained benefits of red wine on heart health, this study shows that moderate red wine consumption is associated with greater diversity and a healthier gut microbiota that partly explain its long-debated beneficial effects on health," said first author of the study, Dr Caroline Le Roy from King's College London.
Beyond CDI and ASD, Finch is continuing to expand its pipeline of microbiome-based therapeutics, including a pre-clinical Rationally-Selected Microbiota program in Inflammatory Bowel Disease, in partnership with Takeda Pharmaceuticals.
Recent research also suggests that mental disorders could be treated by regulating the intestinal microbiota, but there is no specific evidence to support this.
When culture-independent methods (such as 16S rRNA gene sequencing and shotgun metagenomic sequencing) became practical for microbiologists' use at the end of the 20th century, scientific advancements began to place knowledge about infant bifidobacteria into the broader context of the gut microbiota: in other words, the entire collection of microorganisms (bacteria as well as archaea and eukaryotes) present in the digestive tract.
Therefore a team of researchers from the Shanghai Mental Health Center at Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, set out to investigate if there was evidence to support improvement of anxiety symptoms by regulating intestinal microbiota.
Dr George Potamitis, medical gastroenterologist and expert on the microbiome and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, will be speaking at the event on 'the microbiota and the connection with disease', he told the Sunday Mail in an interview.
Tribune News Network Doha A symposium held recently at Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar (WCM-Q) explored the impact of the complex interactions between the nervous system, the gut and the microbiota -- the microorganisms living in the gut -- on health.
A growing body of research suggests that the complex interactions between the microbiota, the gut and the brain are important determinants of human health, and that an imbalance in the gut microbiota could be a causal factor in a variety of conditions, including ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, diabetes, obesity, Parkinson's disease and many other neurodegenerative diseases and neuropsychiatric disorders.
This volume brings together seven chapters detailing research and emerging trends in the study of microbiota. Medical and health specialists from around the world discuss the effects of microbiota on aging and diet, dysbiosis in infants as an environmental factor of the developmental origins of health and disease, the beneficial effects of probiotics for infants and children with dysbiosis, a metaproteomics approach to gut microbiota in health and disease, the role of the gut microbiome in neurodevelopment, the connection between oral health and neurological diseases, and the influence of the gut microbiota's composition on the carcinogenesis of gastrointestinal tract cancers.