microbiology

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microbiology

 [mi″kro-bi-ol´o-je]
the study of microorganisms, including algae, bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa. adj., adj microbiolog´ical.

mi·cro·bi·ol·o·gy

(mī'krō-bī-ol'ŏ-jē),
The science concerned with microorganisms, including fungi, protozoa, bacteria, and viruses.
[Fr. microbiologie]

microbiology

(mī′krō-bī-ŏl′ə-jē)
n.
The branch of biology that deals with microorganisms.

mi′cro·bi′o·log′i·cal (-bī′ə-lŏj′ĭ-kəl), mi′cro·bi′o·log′ic adj.
mi′cro·bi′o·log′i·cal·ly adv.
mi′cro·bi·ol′o·gist n.

microbiology

The scientific discipline that studies microorganisms—e.g., viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites.

panic value

Alert value, critical value Lab medicine Lab results from a specimen that must be reported immediately to a clinician–ie, of such severity as to mandate urgent therapy. See Decision levels.
Panic values
Chemistry panic values
Analyte SI units US units
Calcium < 1.65 mmol/L  <  6.6 mg/dl
    > 2.22 mmol/L    > 12.9 mg/dl
Glucose  < 2.60 mmol/L  < 46 mg/dl
       > 26.9 mmol/L    > 484 mg/dl
K+  <  2.8 mmol/L  <  2.8 mEq/L
     >  6.2 mmol/L  >  6.2 mEq/L
    >  8.0 mmol/L if hemolyzed
Na+    < 120 mmol/L   < 120 mEq/L
       > 158 mmol/L   > 158 mEq/L
CO2 in plasma <  11 mmol/L  <  11 mMol
   >  40 mmol/L  >  40 mMol
Hematology, eg blasts or sickle cells on a peripheral smear, possibly indicating leukemia or sickle cell anemia
Microbiology, eg positive gram stain or culture from blood, serosal fluids or CSF, acid-fast stain or positive mycobacterial culture results
Transfusion medicine Incompatible cross-match and positive serology for VDRL; the panic values differ in each lab and the route of the communication is at the discretion
of the lab director

critical value

Critical results Lab medicine A lab result from a Pt that must be reported immediately to care provider, which may require urgent therapeutic action. See Decision levels.
Critical values in the laboratory
Chemistry
Analyte  SI units US units
Calcium < 1.65 mmol/L  < 6.6 mg/dl
   > 2.22 mmol/L   > 12.9 mg/dl
Glucose  < 2.60 mmol/L  < 46 mg/dl
       > 26.9 mmol/L   > 484 mg/dl
K+  < 2.8 mmol/L  < 2.8 mEq/L
    > 6.2 mmol/L  > 6.2 mEq/L
      > 8.0 mmol/L if hemolyzed
Na+   < 120 mmol/L  < 120 mEq/L
      > 158 mmol/L  > 158 mEq/L
CO2 –plasma  < 11 mmol/L  < 11 mMol
   > 40 mmol/L  > 40 mMol
Hematology, eg blasts or sickle cells on peripheral smear, may indicate leukemia or sickle cell anemia
Microbiology, eg positive gram stain or culture from blood, serosal fluids or CSF, acid-fast stain or positive mycobacterial culture results
Transfusion medicine Incompatible cross-match, positive VDRL

mi·cro·bi·ol·o·gy

(mī'krō-bī-ol'ŏ-jē)
The science concerned with microorganisms, including fungi, protozoa, bacteria, and viruses.

microbiology

the study of MICROORGANISMS.

mi·cro·bi·ol·o·gy

(mī'krō-bī-ol'ŏ-jē)
The science concerned with microorganisms, including fungi, protozoa, bacteria, and viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Javaherdashti, Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion: An Engineering Insight, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
(27) could show no difference between MDIs and microbiologically unconfirmed infections in terms of CRP levels.
Refers to a presumptive pulmonary TB patient who is not microbiologically confirmed, but has been diagnosed with active TB by a clinician on the basis of clinical findings and having radiological lesions consistent with active parenchymal tuberculosis on chest x-ray/CT scan of the thorax (nodular consolidation with or without cavity in apex, tree in bud appearance).
We calculated the crude estimation of the total number and incidence of LB in Finland by summing clinically diagnosed (Avohilmo) and microbiologically confirmed cases (NIDR) together on the basis of 2 assumptions.
Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) is generally defined as corrosion that occurs as a result of microbial activity.
Then they tested the assay in 41 healthy volunteers and 102 adults who arrived at an emergency unit with a fever and "microbiologically proven viral respiratory infection or systemic bacterial infection." The test correctly identified viral infection and avoided false negatives in 89% of the patients with viral infection (sensitivity).
A few terms have been used by engineers and the scientific community to highlight this type of corrosion, such as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC), biodeterioration, and biocorrosion [1].
The water generated by the condensation is microbiologically pure since it is first sterilised with an ozone process and then further made germ-free through two different UV process, before the mineralisation and before being served.
Reducing the risk of cross-contamination is key in the production of microbiologically safer, higher quality food.
Nectar, Splash dew, Italian Crystal, Atlantis Premium Water, Hydr8, Fresco Healthy Water, Kallan Water, Sparkling, Dannipur Water, Healthy Water, Vina, ECO Water, Rhine Blue, Orion, Sunlay, Blue Danube, Prime Pani and Jel) have been found contaminated microbiologically which can cause Cholera, Diarrhea, Dysentery, Hepatitis and Typhoid.
SurePure systems use UV-C light to purify microbiologically sensitive liquids such as wine, fruit juice and milk.

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