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A method for evaluating uterine tubal pathology, in which radiocontrast is instilled transcervically into the endometrial cavity and fallopian tubes, followed by fluoroscopy or taking plain films, as a way of defining the uterine cavity and tube.

Evaluation of infertility (e.g., to determine fallopian tube patency), uterine-cavity (e.g., submucosal) leiomyomas, endocervical and endometrial polyps, pelvic tuberculosis, intrauterine adhesion-synequiae, endometrial cancer, congenital malformations (e.g., müllerian duct abnormalities), bicornuate uterus, septate uterus, uterus didelphys, uterine hypoplasia, and DES-induced defects.

Hysterosalpingography has waned in popularity, due to high false-positivity and false-negativity.


(me'tro-sal?pin?gog'ra-fe, -ping?) [ ¹metro- + salpingography, to write] Hysterosalpingography.
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