metonymy


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Related to metonymy: synecdoche

metonymy

 [mĕ-ton´ĭ-me]
a disturbance of language seen in schizophrenia in which an inappropriate but related term is used instead of the correct one.

me·ton·y·my

(mĕ-ton'i-mē)
Imprecise or circumscribed labeling of objects or events, characteristic of the language disturbance of people with schizophrenia; e.g., the patient speaks of having had a "menu" rather than a "meal."
[meta- + G. onyma, name]

metonymy

(mĕ-tŏn′ĭ-mē) [Gr. meta, after, beyond, over, + onyma, name]
1. In rhetoric, a figure of speech in which one word is used for another, related one (e.g., “crown” for “king, ” “queen, ” “monarch, ” or “sovereign”).
2. In psychiatry, mental confusion exhibited in some schizophrenic disorders in which an imprecise but loosely related term is used for the correct one (e.g., “rifle” for “war, ” or “apple” for “ball”).
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, it has been claimed that metaphor and metonymy have not always been given the importance that they have outside stylistics and as processes that are not only figures of speech (Tournier 2010: 217).
81) Although the distinction here is between metonymy and metaphor, it can be easily redrawn between metonymy and synecdoche, given Pipers own description of topology's "metaphoricity" as its "claims to represent a whole.
Metonymy in language and thought, Metonymy in language and thought, (Vol.
Consideration of metonymy shows how embedded a figure of speech can become in communication to the point of almost escaping analysis.
Based on the English definition on a metonymy, Lakoff & Johnson (2003) regarded "cultural and religious symbolism" as "special cases of metonyms".
My aim is, thus, twofold: to shed some light as regards the conceptualization of pain in advertising and to contribute to the study of the relationship between metaphor and metonymy in this genre.
For example, the sentence He's coughing and he has a temperature (Sketch engine doc#132457) is licensed by the "generic for specific" metonymy, whereby the generic phrase "having a temperature" stands for a more particular situation, viz.
This process of magnification works alongside metonymy in that the stretching is made possible by using the upper end of the CONTAINMENT scale with reference to a portion of the scale just below FULLNESS.
Cristina Iglesias: Metonymy is valuable not only because the work of this artist is not well represented in the United States, but also because its careful design truly gives readers a meaningful way of encountering Iglesias's rather subtle art.
The fundamental tropes, those out of which the others derive, are metaphor, metonymy and synecdoche.
A cousin-and occasional doppelganger-of metaphor, metonymy is a curious creature.
It involves a word gaining further, non-literal meanings, specifically through metaphor and metonymy.