metonymy

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metonymy

 [mĕ-ton´ĭ-me]
a disturbance of language seen in schizophrenia in which an inappropriate but related term is used instead of the correct one.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

me·ton·y·my

(mĕ-ton'i-mē)
Imprecise or circumscribed labeling of objects or events, characteristic of the language disturbance of people with schizophrenia; e.g., the patient speaks of having had a "menu" rather than a "meal."
[meta- + G. onyma, name]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

metonymy

(mĕ-tŏn′ĭ-mē) [Gr. meta, after, beyond, over, + onyma, name]
1. In rhetoric, a figure of speech in which one word is used for another, related one (e.g., “crown” for “king, ” “queen, ” “monarch, ” or “sovereign”).
2. In psychiatry, mental confusion exhibited in some schizophrenic disorders in which an imprecise but loosely related term is used for the correct one (e.g., “rifle” for “war, ” or “apple” for “ball”).
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
In pa-taG, pa 'foot' stands metonymically for its low position in the body (BODY PART FOR POSITION IN SPACE).
By his referring to Father Gerald metonymically, the character is deprived of human qualities, making him appear as a paedophilic monster.
Within the quote index, the verb wasikama 'he knelt', metonymically contextualizes the Christian prayer practice of kneeling.
In other ads metaphor enhances the freshness of beer by depicting a beer glass (metonymically representing the beer) as an icecream.
Yet within this perceptual confusion the pastoral images are replaced by those of destruction: while the first impressions are taken from the pastoral (gardens, grass, cows, shepherds), images of destruction begin to protrude (gaping walls, bricks, charred chimneys), which undermine the tranquility and herald (once again metonymically) what the speaker himself will presently experience.
The term civilization metonymically stands for the significant landmarks of a culture, i.e., architecture, poetry, etc.
A number of respondents operate with selection of associated attributes that are more likely to be scalar, such as EMOTIONALITY, HORMONALITY, TIREDNESS, and FATIGUE, with one respondent interpreting (19) more generally as expressing the state of being "Affected by the side-effects of pregnancy." As with Catholic and female, these respondents seek semantic resolution by metonymically selecting attributes associated with PREGNANCY and applying scalar construals to those.
Molineaux stood metonymically for the white American fears of the black athlete and African Americans in general; what followed Molineaux, according to Rhoden, was an American legacy of systematic exclusion and erasure of African Americans from American sports.
The paper in question supplants the eventual referent of an invisible and irreducible executioner; it is metonymically amputated.
Until that promised day, the presence of rural, working-class, slum-dwellers in the city would continue to pose a threat, curtailing the new Indian woman's--and metonymically, the new India's--progress.