metonymy

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metonymy

 [mĕ-ton´ĭ-me]
a disturbance of language seen in schizophrenia in which an inappropriate but related term is used instead of the correct one.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

me·ton·y·my

(mĕ-ton'i-mē)
Imprecise or circumscribed labeling of objects or events, characteristic of the language disturbance of people with schizophrenia; e.g., the patient speaks of having had a "menu" rather than a "meal."
[meta- + G. onyma, name]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

metonymy

(mĕ-tŏn′ĭ-mē) [Gr. meta, after, beyond, over, + onyma, name]
1. In rhetoric, a figure of speech in which one word is used for another, related one (e.g., “crown” for “king, ” “queen, ” “monarch, ” or “sovereign”).
2. In psychiatry, mental confusion exhibited in some schizophrenic disorders in which an imprecise but loosely related term is used for the correct one (e.g., “rifle” for “war, ” or “apple” for “ball”).
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
The degree of contiguity weakens for metonymical relations that range from containment and contact to adjacency without contact (2006: 309).
As a consequence of their metonymical relationship, every photographic image carries the social meanings of the camera.
Kazoo Dreamboats insists on its poetic genealogy by making its formal features, such as extensive use of parataxis and metonymical strings, vehicles of meaning; by the same token the book maintains its link to the Adornian essay, being conscious of "the non-identity between presentation and presented material" that "forces the form to make unlimited efforts" (Adorno 2006, 105).
And still there are realities which elude both metaphorical and metonymical descriptions, such as the 'Black Holes' or that fraction of a second before the Big Bang, just like God.
Stamps are symbols of a country which may also depict iconic images or metonymical summaries of that country: Lake Matheson or Christmas lunch or Legolas doing duty for the whole, for example, and the paradigms associated with those images extend through would-be meanings, values and associations which it is imagined the images compress.
At times, as with her reliance on Said, identity is metonymical: Jews are people who live with other Jews, amid Egyptians (as in the case of the Israelites of Exodus) and Palestinians, as in the case of Jews in Israel and Palestine.
In the former case, as we have seen, anatomical illustration is a patent example of the metonymical extension of maleness as human.
The following paragraph is quoted at length because it not only elaborates the threat underlying Conrad's prolonged delay in completing The Rescue but also comprehends a succinct if metonymical summary of Freedman's project in its entirety: