methylphenidate


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Related to methylphenidate: Methylphenidate hydrochloride

methylphenidate

 [meth″il-fenĭ-dāt]
a mild central nervous system stimulant; the hydrochloride salt is administered orally in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy.

methylphenidate

(mĕth′əl-fĕn′ĭ-dāt′, -fē′nĭ-)
n.
A drug, C14H19NO2, chemically related to amphetamine, that acts as a mild stimulant of the central nervous system and is used in its hydrochloride form to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy.

methylphenidate

An amphetamine-derived CNS stimulant.
 
Adverse effects
Decreased appetite—10–15% of children have major weight loss; insomnia—most suffer sleep delay; abdominal pain; headaches; dry mouth; dizziness; depression, tachycardia; a proposed link to decreased growth is uncertain.
 
Indications for
Hyperactivity, ADD, childhood narcolepsy.

methylphenidate

Ritalin® Neuropharmacology An amphetamine derived CNS stimulant used to control ADD and hyperactivity in children Adverse effects ↓ Appetite, 10-15% of children have major weight loss; insomnia–most suffer sleep delay, abdominal pain, headaches, dry mouth, dizziness, depression, tachycardia; link with ↓ growth is uncertain Used for Hyperactivity; narcolepsy; ADD. See Amphetamine.

methylphenidate

A nervous system stimulant drug that, paradoxically, has been found effective in the management of ATTENTION-DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER in children. A brand name is Ritalin. The current consensus of opinion on the use of this drug for this purpose is that it is grossly over-prescribed, especially in the USA.
References in periodicals archive ?
In adults, modafinil, amphetamines, methylphenidate, and atomoxetine were beaten by placebo for tolerability.
Co-author Camilla Groth MD added, "This review shows very limited quality evidence for the effects of methylphenidate on children and adolescents with ADHD.
Amidst many controversies concerning the effectiveness of the medication in the treatment of ADHD, in March 2014, the Brazilian Bulletin on Health Technology Assessment (BRATS) published a study that indicated that methylphenidate was a medication with "high potential for abuse and dependence" and that "there should be thorough assessment of the effect of methylphenidate on ADHD" (14).
Imaging studies of ADHD-diagnosed individuals show an increase in striatal dopamine transporter availability that may be reduced by methylphenidate treatment
This study investigated the prevalence of non-medical use and the extent of their knowledge of methylphenidate among undergraduate medical students of the University of the Free State (UFS).
Despite a lack of clarity about the significance of DaT level in the etiology of ADHD, knowledge of a patient's level might prove useful in predicting which patients will respond to methylphenidate. Namely, several researchers have found that:
Doctors are required to adhere to the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) guidelines, according to which methylphenidate is a highly scheduled drug to be prescribed and dispensed only under strictly controlled conditions.
This therapy has been effective in order to reproduce (conditioning) stimulant drug effects such as ephedrine effect (Amigo, 1994) or methylphenidate effect (Amigo, 1997).
Pat McFadden (Lab Wolverhampton South East) urged the Government to investigate why the number of prescriptions for methylphenidate - sold under the brand name Ritalin - had risen sixfold since 1997.
LSD, methylphenidate and Ecstasy, three counts possession of
The drug, methylphenidate, improved long-term problems with thinking, memory, and attention span, as well as behavior and school performance.
For many children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) the best way to control the symptoms is with methylphenidate (a stimulant) pills sold as Ritalin, Metadate, and Methylin).