methylphenidate


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Related to methylphenidate: Methylphenidate hydrochloride

methylphenidate

 [meth″il-fenĭ-dāt]
a mild central nervous system stimulant; the hydrochloride salt is administered orally in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy.

methylphenidate

/meth·yl·phen·i·date/ (meth″il-fen´ĭ-dāt) a central stimulant, used in the form of the hydrochloride salt in the treatment of attention-deficit in children and narcolepsy.

methylphenidate

(mĕth′əl-fĕn′ĭ-dāt′, -fē′nĭ-)
n.
A drug, C14H19NO2, chemically related to amphetamine, that acts as a mild stimulant of the central nervous system and is used in its hydrochloride form to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy.

methylphenidate

An amphetamine-derived CNS stimulant.
 
Adverse effects
Decreased appetite—10–15% of children have major weight loss; insomnia—most suffer sleep delay; abdominal pain; headaches; dry mouth; dizziness; depression, tachycardia; a proposed link to decreased growth is uncertain.
 
Indications for
Hyperactivity, ADD, childhood narcolepsy.

methylphenidate

Ritalin® Neuropharmacology An amphetamine derived CNS stimulant used to control ADD and hyperactivity in children Adverse effects ↓ Appetite, 10-15% of children have major weight loss; insomnia–most suffer sleep delay, abdominal pain, headaches, dry mouth, dizziness, depression, tachycardia; link with ↓ growth is uncertain Used for Hyperactivity; narcolepsy; ADD. See Amphetamine.

methylphenidate

A nervous system stimulant drug that, paradoxically, has been found effective in the management of ATTENTION-DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER in children. A brand name is Ritalin. The current consensus of opinion on the use of this drug for this purpose is that it is grossly over-prescribed, especially in the USA.

methylphenidate

a central nervous system stimulant used in the treatment of hyperkinesis and narcolepsy in dogs.
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers have also urged that clinicians and families should not rush to discontinue using methylphenidate.
0033693) recent paper suggests that methylphenidate exposure can increase inflammation and dopamine neuron loss in the basal ganglia, and that extracellular dopamine can auto-oxidized and get degraded too.
Data on demographic information and usage and knowledge of methylphenidate were collected.
Long-term efficacy of methylphenidate in enhancing attention regulation, social skills, and academic abilities of childhood cancer survivors.
As expected, OROS methylphenidate was highly effective in treating the participants' ADHD.
Methylphenidate is mixed with acrylic and then combined with silicone, holding the drug in the patch and skin, respectively.
Daytrana provides an alternative route of administration for methylphenidate in children with ADHD," said Dr.
Daytrana combines methylphenidate with Noven Pharmaceutical, Inc.
Though the immediate-release preparation is the best studied of methylphenidate formulations, extended-release methylphenidate (Concerta) has similar benefits, with a dosing regimen that may better suit an adolescent lifestyle (SOR: B, based on extrapolation of 1 randomized controlled trial and expert opinion).
Overall, about 50 percent of children and 13 percent of adults with ADHD are treated with medication, (12) usually with stimulants such as methylphenidate (Riralin and Concerta) and amphetamine (Dexedrine and Adderall).
In a 1995 study by the government's National Toxicology Program (NTP), the most popular ADHD drug, methylphenidate (Ritalin), caused malignant liver tumors in male mice and benign liver tumors in female mice (It had no effect on rats.
The most common medication used to treat attention deficit disorders is methylphenidate (Ritalin).