The drugs that are sold as bath salts are typically mephedrone, Methylenedioxypyrovalerone
(MDPV) and methylone, each can be abused individually or in combination.
Moreover, DAPPI-MS has been used coupled with quadurople-ion trap MS and MS/MS mode to analyze directly herbal products such as Catha edulis, Phycybe mushoms, opium, designer drugs in tablets, confiscated drug samples of several forms as tablets, blotter paper, plant resin, and powder forms that contain meta-chlorophenylpiperazine, 3-fluoromethamphetamine, methylenedioxypyrovalerone
, amphetamines, phenazepam, buprenorphine, and methylone.
In 2013, due to the determination of an imminent threat to the public safety, the Thai Ministry of Public Health signed into law the control of mephedrone, methylenedioxypyrovalerone
(MPDV), and methylone.
These include methylone (similar to MDMA, or ecstasy), mephedrone (similar to methamphetamine), and methylenedioxypyrovalerone
(similar to cocaine).
Other synthetic cathinones such as methcathinone and MDVP (methylenedioxypyrovalerone
) produce similar effects.
A similar drug increasingly more popular in jails is Methylenedioxypyrovalerone
, or MDPV for short.
The drug is a "chemical cousin" of methylenedioxypyrovalerone
(or MDPV), a substance better known as "bath salts," which surfaced in the US soon after the emergence of mephedrone.
With reported inconspicuous names like Ivory Wave, Red Dove, Bliss and Vanilla Sky, many of these so-called 'bath salts' causing concern contain Mephedrone and Methylenedioxypyrovalerone
(aka MDPV) or other potentially harmful ingredients.
* stimulants such as methadrone and also methylenedioxypyrovalerone
The law, part of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act, bans mephedrone and methylenedioxypyrovalerone
(MDPV), two chemicals commonly used in bath salts, along with "cannabimimetic agents" used in ersatz marijuana (including 15 specifically identified compounds) and nine synthetic psychedelics in the "2C" family.
They contain methylenedioxypyrovalerone
, methylone, 4-methylmethcathinone--all three of which became schedule I substances in 2011--or an ever-new roster of similar drugs.
Paranoid psychosis induced by consumption of methylenedioxypyrovalerone
: two cases.