methyl bromide


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meth·yl bro·mide

Used in ionization chambers; for degreasing wool; extracting oils from nuts, seeds, flowers; used as a fumigant insecticide for mills, warehouses, vaults, ships, freight cars; also as a soil fumigant.

methyl bromide

An insecticide and rodenticide, which is a volatile fumigant three times denser than air and absorbed through skin, producing narcosis, pulmonary oedema, renal tubule damage, jacksonian convulsions, CNS depression, and peripheral neuropathy; permanent neurologic sequelae may follow prolonged exposure.

methyl bromide

Toxicology An insecticide and rodenticide, which is a volatile fumigant 3-fold denser than air and absorbed through skin, producing narcosis, pulmonary edema, renal tubule damage, jacksonian convulsions, CNS depression, peripheral neuropathy; permanent neurologic sequelae may follow prolonged exposure

methyl

the monovalent radical, −CH3.

methyl alcohol
see methyl alcohol.
methyl bromide
a soil and grain fumigant. Poisoning by this compound causes incoordination and somnolence. Called also bromoethane.
methyl carbamate
methyl demeton
an organophosphorus insecticide. Called also methyl systox, oxydemeton-methyl.
methyl harmane (3-methyl)
carboline toxin found in plants.
methyl hydroxybenzoate
methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
a sex pheromone in the vaginal secretions of the bitch in estrus; it stimulates mounting behavior in dogs.
methyl orange
an orange-yellow aniline dye, used as an indicator with a pH range of 3.2-4.4 and a color change from pink to yellow.
methyl parathion
a very toxic organophosphorus insecticide.
methyl red test
a biochemical test for identification of enterobacteria.
methyl salicylate
a natural or synthetic wintergreen oil, used as a topical analgesic and as a clearing agent when mounting parasites. Called also oil of sweet birch.
methyl systox
see methyl demeton (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
This research is part of Methyl Bromide Alternatives (#308), an ARS national program described at www.
Submicroscopic structure of Bacillus anthracis spores subjected to methyl bromide treatment [Abstract].
Additionally, it created a synergistic effect with methyl bromide.
European Community management strategy for the phase-out of the critical uses of methyl bromide.
2009) show that over 13 years of unprotected exposure to the pesticides methyl bromide, magtoxin, and phostoxin could have been carcinogenic to the nutmeg worker and also this exposure poses a health risk to the other nutmeg workers.
All four patients underwent two hemodialysis procedures when methyl bromide toxicity became the leading diagnostic consideration.
Several human poisoning case studies indicate that high levels of acute methyl bromide exposure are associated with dermal burns, neurological impairment, and death (Breeman 2009; Langard et al.
Agricultural Research Station in Salinas, California, is working on low-temperature fumigation with phosphine as an alternative to methyl bromide for control of pests on harvested fresh fruits and vegetables.
Great Lakes Solutions stated on Tuesday that it will increase the prices of methyl bromide in all regions outside of North America and within North America effective 1 March 2012 due to ongoing input cost escalation and investment costs associated with regulatory compliance, advocacy and manufacturing.
Agriculture Minister Hussein Hajj Hasan ordered the investigation in cooperation with the Directorate of Customs and General Security of an illegal shipment of the pesticide methyl bromide, which was discovered Thursday.
It was adopted as a replacement for methyl bromide after all uses of the fumigant were phased out by 2005 with certain critical use exemptions.
EPA presented the award to Arysta for bringing the fumigant MIDAS to market which does not deplete the ozone layer and has been proven in commercial fields to be as effective as methyl bromide at lower use rates.