methyl bromide


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meth·yl bro·mide

Used in ionization chambers; for degreasing wool; extracting oils from nuts, seeds, flowers; used as a fumigant insecticide for mills, warehouses, vaults, ships, freight cars; also as a soil fumigant.

methyl bromide

An insecticide and rodenticide, which is a volatile fumigant three times denser than air and absorbed through skin, producing narcosis, pulmonary oedema, renal tubule damage, jacksonian convulsions, CNS depression, and peripheral neuropathy; permanent neurologic sequelae may follow prolonged exposure.

methyl bromide

Toxicology An insecticide and rodenticide, which is a volatile fumigant 3-fold denser than air and absorbed through skin, producing narcosis, pulmonary edema, renal tubule damage, jacksonian convulsions, CNS depression, peripheral neuropathy; permanent neurologic sequelae may follow prolonged exposure
References in periodicals archive ?
He added that the major concern of methyl bromide use is the effect on climate change, particularly on the depletion of ozone layer, and that exemption had been provided for individual countries on its usage based on special quota system by the Montreal Protocol.
In 1991, the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer mandated the phaseout of methyl bromide. As a signatory to the convention, the United States agreed to stop producing and importing methyl bromide by 2005.
Evaluation of chemical and integrated strategies as alternatives to methyl bromide for the control of root-knot nematodes in Greece.
Chronic exposure to methyl bromide is difficult to assess because there are no exposure biomarkers (Minnesota Department of Health 1999).
This research is part of Crop Protection and Quarantine (#304) and Methyl Bromide Alternatives (#308), two ARS national programs described at www.nps.
Such an occurrence was observed for Conyza bonariensis, which showed a lower nutrient content after growing in the soil treated with methyl bromide (Table 2).
Most commonly used as a gas fumigant against insects, rodents and soil-borne diseases, methyl bromide is highly toxic to humans and animals and its use is restricted in Lebanon and many other countries.
23 LIFE AFTER METHYL BROMIDE 2 CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION
The second half of the report evaluates the methyl bromide critical use nominations submitted in 2007 for the years 2008 and 2009.
Cuba also expects to reduce by 80% its consumption of methyl bromide in coming years.
It concerns the following: chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), methyl bromide, hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HFCs), hydrobromofluorocarbons (HBCs) and bromochloromethane, intended for various applications or used as synthesis intermediaries or process agents.