He added that the major concern of methyl bromide
use is the effect on climate change, particularly on the depletion of ozone layer, and that exemption had been provided for individual countries on its usage based on special quota system by the Montreal Protocol.
In 1991, the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer mandated the phaseout of methyl bromide
. As a signatory to the convention, the United States agreed to stop producing and importing methyl bromide
Evaluation of chemical and integrated strategies as alternatives to methyl bromide
for the control of root-knot nematodes in Greece.
Chronic exposure to methyl bromide
is difficult to assess because there are no exposure biomarkers (Minnesota Department of Health 1999).
lycopersici, being an adequate alternative strategy to the use of methyl bromide
in commercial tomato crops.
This research is part of Crop Protection and Quarantine (#304) and Methyl Bromide
Alternatives (#308), two ARS national programs described at www.nps.
Such an occurrence was observed for Conyza bonariensis, which showed a lower nutrient content after growing in the soil treated with methyl bromide
Most commonly used as a gas fumigant against insects, rodents and soil-borne diseases, methyl bromide
is highly toxic to humans and animals and its use is restricted in Lebanon and many other countries.
23 LIFE AFTER METHYL BROMIDE
2 CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION
The second half of the report evaluates the methyl bromide
critical use nominations submitted in 2007 for the years 2008 and 2009.
Cuba also expects to reduce by 80% its consumption of methyl bromide
in coming years.
It concerns the following: chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), methyl bromide
, hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HFCs), hydrobromofluorocarbons (HBCs) and bromochloromethane, intended for various applications or used as synthesis intermediaries or process agents.