methanol


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methanol

 [meth´ah-nol]
a poisonous colorless liquid used as a solvent and fuel; ingestion may cause blindness or death. Called also methyl or wood alcohol.

meth·yl al·co·hol

CH3OH; a flammable, toxic, mobile liquid, used as an industrial solvent, antifreeze, and in chemical manufacture; ingestion may result in severe acidosis, visual impairment, and other effects on the central nervous system.

methanol

A polar alcohol used as an industrial solvent; it is miscible with water, ethanol, ether, and petroleum derivatives (e.g., gasoline), and can be found in canned fuel and in antifreeze, from which it may be abused as an inebriant by indigent alcoholics. Methanol is metabolised to formaldehyde and formate, causing severe metabolic acidosis, optic nerve damage and blindness.
 
Toxic range
60–250 ml; as little as 15 ml can be fatal.

Management
Overload patient with ethanol, which competes with methanol for sites on alcohol dehydrogenase, reducing methanol metabolites and toxicity.

methanol

Toxicology A polar alcohol used as an industrial solvent miscible with water, ethanol, ether, petroleum derivatives–eg, gasoline, in canned fuel and in antifreeze, where it may be abused as an inebriant by indigent alcoholics; methanol is metabolized to formaldehyde and formate, causing significant metabolic acidosis and optic nerve damage and blindness Toxic range 60-250 ml; as little as 15 ml has been fatal Management Overload Pt with ethanol–which competes with methanol for sites on alcohol dehydrogenase, reducing methanol metabolites and toxicity

meth·yl al·co·hol

(meth'il al'kŏ-hol)
A flammable, toxic, mobile liquid, used as an industrial solvent and antifreeze, and in the manufacture of chemicals; ingestion may result in severe acidosis, visual impairment, and other effects on the central nervous system.
Synonym(s): methanol.

meth·yl al·co·hol

(meth'il al'kŏ-hol)
Flammable toxic liquid, used as an industrial solvent, antifreeze, and in chemical manufacture; ingestion may result in severe acidosis and other effects on the central nervous system.
Synonym(s): methanol.
References in periodicals archive ?
So how would you know if a tainted Bali cocktail or home-distilled spirit contains methanol? Published 10/09/2013
Particularly, Turkey, Italy, Romania and Slovenia are Azerbaijan's biggest partners in the trade in methanol.
The agency said symptoms of methanol poisoning include headache, vomiting, abdominal pain, hyperventilation, and feeling of breathlessness.
Gil Dankner, extolled the benefits of Methanol, adding that it was a clean and renewable source of energy.
Another postulated mechanism is the low hepatic levels of these enzymes in humans leading to methanol intoxication.
The plant will have a productive capacity of approximately 1.7 million metric tons of methanol per year, and convert 146,000 MMBtu of natural gas daily into 4,950 metric tons of methanol.
LOW COST PRODUCER: Methanex is the largest global supplier of methanol, with 9.4 million MT of capacity, and sales of 11.3 million MT or about 14% of the methanol market.
(4) Is it possible that the producers of synthetic methanol have adopted new manufacturing ways that made it more potent and concentrated, causing the problem?
The number of deaths from methanol poisoning has risen to 40, the Health Ministry revealed yesterday.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani traveled to the country's energy hub in the Persian Gulf last week to open Marjan Methanol Petrochemical Complex's unit along with two other petrochemical facilities.
Each sample was dried, powdered and 200 g was added to 1 L of methanol and ethanol for three days and five days, respectively, and then boiled for 10 min at 100[degrees]C, after which it was filtered with Whatman No.
Methanol Holding Int'l (50%), MAN Ferrostaal of Germany (20%) and Omzest (30%) are grouped in Oman Methanol Co.