[1,2] However, toe-in gait can be seen when femoral anteversion, internal tibial torsion or metatarsus adductus
do not decrease sufficiently.
and selected radiographic measurements of the first ray in normal feet.
It is associated with congenital abnormalities such as metatarsus adductus
(pigeon toe), torticollis (wry neck), infantile spina bifida and talipes equinovarus (club foot).
Intoeing--more commonly known as "pigeon-toe"--is a very common condition that occurs from birth through late childhood and arises from metatarsus adductus
(MA), internal tibial torsion (ITT) or internal femoral anteversion (IFA).
Later chapters examine specific conditions such as clubfoot, metatarsus adductus
, and intoeing gait, as well as footwear and orthoses.
Scientifically called metatarsus adductus
, this condition presents between birth and 6 months of age, typically as a foot with a concave medial border, a convex lateral border, and a deep plantar crease.
Other causes are thought to be linked to syndromes such as metatarsus adductus
, clubfoot deformity and congenital conditions.
Examination of the feet revealed widened first web spaces bilaterally consistent with either metatarsus adductus
or mild ectrodactyly.
Another excellent section is the coverage of pediatric problems, which includes new treatment devices available for conditions such as metatarsus adductus
including the Bebax shoe and the Wheaton brace.
defect Mosayebi (10) study 1 Genitourinary Undescended testes 2 Musculoskeletal Metatarsus adductus
(limb defects) 3 Cardiovascular VSD 4 Gastrointestinal Cleft lip/palate 5 Central nervous system Anencephaly 6 Eye and ear Periauricular skin tag 7 Multiple Not specified Sl.