metaethics


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metaethics

 [met″ah-eth´iks]
analysis of the language, concepts, and methods of reasoning in ethics. It studies the meanings of such ethical terms as right, obligation, virtue, principle, justification, sympathy, morality, and responsibility. It also includes study of moral epistemology (the theory of moral knowledge) and the logic and patterns of moral reasoning and justification. Questions for analysis include whether social morality is objective or subjective, relative or nonrelative, and rational or emotive. adj., adj metaeth´ical.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Constitutivism and the Shmagency Challenge." In Oxford Studies in Metaethics, vol.
The thesis has affinities with relativism, (5) conventionalism, and, most closely, constructivism in contemporary metaethics, though such labels must be handled with great care, as I argue at the conclusion of this section.
Plunkett and Shapiro see the project of general jurisprudence as a parallel project to metaethics, in the sense that both analyze how two different types of normative language--legal and moral--fit into reality.
KEYWORDS: Menger, Keynes, Brentano, fitting attitude theory, ethics, metaethics
From the first frames of "shot" footage to the collaboration between its shooter, a Palestinian farmer named Emad Burnat, and an Israeli filmmaker, Guy Davidi, 5 Broken Cameras presents direct and demanding challenges to our sense of applied ethics and metaethics, especially as they pertain to documentary practice.
The essays treat the following topics: Nietzsche's views on or relationship to aesthetics (essays 1-3), metaethics, (specifically, non-cognitivism and fictionalism) (essays 4-5), compassion and the self (essays 6-8), and naturalism (essay 9).
(15) Philosophical ethical theory distinguishes three levels of ethical discourse, namely, moral judgments, normative ethics, and metaethics. (16) These distinctions shed light on understanding claims that a particular moral position is an expression of relativism.
The late Mary Daly's controversial 1978 book Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism included an entire chapter on the witch hunts, represented as the epitome of what Daly called the "Androcratic State of Atrocity." In this and other works Daly also urged readers to reclaim their identities as "revolting hags," crones, and witches.
They consider the advisability of analyzing philosophy from a naturalistic perspective; the senses in which there can be a naturalistic account of the mind; how naturalism can be extended to moral behavior and agency; applications to moral psychology, metaethics, and normative ethics; how naturalist realism relies on fallible, scientific justification; metaphysics; the philosophical method; and other topics.
Besides, cogitating on the moralistic principles of Koran and its associated ethical theories along with drawing on ontology, particularly Koranic anthropology, may help delineate the philosophical foundations of ethics and develop metaethics based on holy Koran.
The questions of metaethics are valid, but they are not our questions.
familiar debates in the metaethics of normative predicates that have