metacarpophalangeal joints


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met·a·car·po·pha·lan·ge·al joints

[TA]
the condylar or ellipsoid synovial joints between the heads of the metacarpals and the bases of the proximal phalanges. The palmar aspects of the metacarpal heads are partially divided, so the joint is nearly bicondylar.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stener later described a lesion observed in many cases of complete rupture of the ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb metacarpophalangeal joint. (5) A Stener lesion is an adductor aponeurosis interpositioned between the distally avulsed ulnar collateral ligament and the ligament's insertion into the base of the proximal phalanx of the thumb.
Conventional radiography requires a MRI-estimated bone volume loss of 20% to 30% to allow certain detection of bone erosions in rheumatoid arthritis metacarpophalangeal joints. Arthritis Res Ther 2006;8:R59.
Displacement of the ruptured ulnar collateral ligament of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb.
(13-15) Repair of collateral ligaments of the metacarpophalangeal joint in human fingers, which is anatomically similar to the intertarsal joint of the bird, involves ligament repair preferentially.
Caption: Figure 1: Ultrasonography of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the right index finger.
LJM usually begins at the fifth interphalangeal joints and extends radially, affecting other interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal joints. Long-term glycemic control influences the onset of LJM, and the incidence of LJM is greater in patients with a poor metabolic control [4, 5].
Another possible aspect is the involuntary finger abduction during the wrist movements since the EDC is also related to the abduction/adduction of the metacarpophalangeal joints.
The arthritis recognised as being associated with haemochromatosis most closely resembles osteoarthritis, but is distinctive in occurring at a younger age and involving some joints not usually affected by osteoarthritis; particularly the metacarpophalangeal joints in the hands, and the ankles.
Mishra's 1st test: The metacarpophalangeal joints of all fingers are passively hyperextended by the examiner and the subject is asked to actively flex the wrist (Mishra, 2001) (Fig.
Proximal interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal joints are primarily involved (3, 4).
Unreduced dislocations have definite functional disability with a decreased range of movement at the metacarpophalangeal joints and a poor grip [8].