mesothelium


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mesothelium

 [mez″o-the´le-um]
the layer of flat cells, derived from the mesoderm, that lines the body cavity of the embryo. In the adult it forms the simple squamous epithelium that covers the surface of all true serous membranes (peritoneum, pericardium, pleura).

mes·o·the·li·um

, pl.

mes·o·the·li·a

(mez'ō-thē'lē-ŭm, -lē-ă),
A single layer of flattened cells forming an epithelium that lines serous cavities; for example, peritoneum, pleura, pericardium.
[meso- + epithelium]

mesothelium

(mĕz′ə-thē′lē-əm, mĕs′-)
n. pl. mesothe·lia (-lē-ə)
The layer of flat cells of mesodermal origin that lines the embryonic body cavity and gives rise to the squamous cells of the peritoneum, pericardium, and pleura.

mes′o·the′li·al adj.

mes·o·the·li·um

, pl. mesothelia (mez'ō-thē'lē-ŭm, -ă)
A single layer of flattened cells forming an epithelium that lines serous cavities; e.g., peritoneum, pleura, pericardium.

mesothelium

Lining cells originating in the primitive MESODERM of the developing embryo. Mesothelium occurs in the PERITONEUM, PLEURA and PERICARDIUM as well as elsewhere in the body.

Mesothelium

A membrane/sac that that protects the body's major internal organs and allows them freedom of movement (for example, lung contractions). The mesothelium is comprised of several regions, including the abdominal cavity (peritoneum), the chest cavity (pleura), and pericardium (heart).
Mentioned in: Mesothelioma
References in periodicals archive ?
The epithelium stained positively with antibody of AE1/AE3 (Figure 7), but negativelywith antibody of vimentin (data not shown), implying the newly formed urothelium had completely replaced the original mesothelium. Beneath the urothelium, we observed that neovascularity was welldeveloped, and disordered smooth muscle bundles migrated from the native urethra into the graft at the end-to-end anastomosis (Figure 7).
Here, we demonstrated that emodin treatment could effectively reduce postoperative adhesion formation, reduce collagen formation, and accelerate healing of the peritoneal mesothelium. Emodin prevents adhesion formation in several ways, including the inhibition of inflammation, alleviation of oxidative stress, and promotion of intestinal tract movements.
Isolation and characterization of a monoclonal antibody, K1, reactive with ovarian cancers and normal mesothelium. Int J Cancer.
This stance is at odds with many studies indicating that, although the nature of chrysotile fibres makes it less potent than other types of asbestos, chrysotile is still a powerful carcinogen known to cause cancers of the lung, mesothelium, and ovaries.
The serosa is a serious membrane consisting of a layer of simple squamous epithelium, called the mesothelium, and a small amount of underlying connective tissue.
There was an extensively hyalinised nodule and no tumour in the mesothelium. Other findings were mild chronic cervicitis, secretory endometrium, myometrium with no specific lesion, and bilateral fallopian tubes with no specific lesion.
On the inner side, the body wall skeleton is separated from the general body cavity (coelom) by a mesothelium. This body cavity is the largest compartment containing extracellular fluid, the coelomic fluid (CF).
On the other hand, repeated and/or severe episodes of infection may injure the protective mesothelium and expose underlying HPFB to excessive stimulation.
Poland, "Asbestos, carbon nanotubes and the pleural mesothelium: a review of the hypothesis regarding the role of long fibre retention in the parietal pleura, inflammation and mesothelioma," Particle and Fibre Toxicology, vol.
Argudo et al., "The interstitial lymphatic peritoneal mesothelium axis in portal hypertensive ascites: when in danger, go back to the sea," International Journal of Inflammation, vol.
In the buffalo foetus of 0.9 cm CVRL the initial heart tube was composed of mesenchymal cells lined by mesothelium (Figure 1).