mesothelial cell


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mes·o·the·li·al cell

one of the flat cells of mesodermal origin that form the superficial layer of the serosal membranes lining the body cavities of the abdomen and thorax.

mesothelial cell

The type of epithelial cell that lines serous (pleural, peritoneal, and pericardial) cavities, blood vessels, and lymph vessels; these cells are usually squamous (flattened) and form sheets one layer thick. Mesothelial cells are derived from mesenchyme cells of the embryo. A sheet of mesothelial cells is called a mesothelium.
See: mesothelium
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
Here, we investigated its influence on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of rat peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) in vitro induced by a high-glucose (HG) culture solution.
How asbestos is involved in the transformation of mesothelial cells and malignant mesothelioma development through the mesothelial to fibroblastic transition process.
Better understanding of the morphology of cells in cytologic preparations and the use of various immunohistochemical markers, has enabled distinction between malignant epithelial cells and mesothelial cells in most cases.
Bicarbonate-buffered solutions are also considered more biocompatible by maintaining adequate concentration of cytoplasmic calcium in peritoneal macrophages and mesothelial cells (Carozzi et al.
Effects on intercellular adherent activity of A549 cells to pleural mesothelial cells
Hyperplastic mesothelial cells in lymph nodes: report of six cases of a benign process that can stimulate metastatic involvement by mesothelioma or carcinoma.
Similar findings have been reported in the study by Barrett et al (10) On manual microscopy, the discordant cases showed the presence of reactive mesothelial cells and macrophages.
4) Reactive mesothelial cells, abundance of inflammatory cells and paucity of representative cells contribute to considerable difficulties in making conclusive diagnosis on conventional smears.
Early mesothelial cell proliferation after asbestos exposure: in vivo and in vitro studies.
The specific features of a reactive mesothelial proliferation that may mimic a neoplasm include high cellularity, the presence of numerous mitotic figures and cytologic atypia, the presence of necrosis, the formation of papillary groups, and entrapment of mesothelial cells within fibrosis mimicking invasion (Figure 1).
Immunity and malignant mesothelioma: from mesothelial cell damage to tumor development and immune-response-based therapies [published online ahead of print April 23, 2012].
The inflammation in turn appears to drive mesothelial cell proliferations and these can be cytologically quite atypical (see below); a good rule of thumb is to be exceedingly cautious in diagnosing a mesothelioma in the midst of an active inflammatory process.