mesothelial cell


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mes·o·the·li·al cell

one of the flat cells of mesodermal origin that form the superficial layer of the serosal membranes lining the body cavities of the abdomen and thorax.

mesothelial cell

The type of epithelial cell that lines serous (pleural, peritoneal, and pericardial) cavities, blood vessels, and lymph vessels; these cells are usually squamous (flattened) and form sheets one layer thick. Mesothelial cells are derived from mesenchyme cells of the embryo. A sheet of mesothelial cells is called a mesothelium.
See: mesothelium
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
The inhibition of EMT of mesothelial cells is an effective method to ameliorate peritoneal fibrosis; however, past studies focused on blocking one signaling pathway to inhibit EMT.
Caption: Figure 3: The completeness rate of normal mesothelial cells seven days after the operation (n = 8; compared with the control group, * P < 0.05 and ** P < 0.01).
The indication that asbestos and erionite exposure can prime and activate Nlrp3 in mesothelial cells (Hillegass et al.
Chan, "Pathophysiological changes to the peritoneal membrane during PD-related peritonitis: the role of mesothelial cells," Mediators of Inflammation, vol.
MacPherson et al., "Mechanisms of oxidative stress and alterations in gene expression by Libby six-mix in human mesothelial cells," Particle and Fibre Toxicology, vol.
Better understanding of the morphology of cells in cytologic preparations and the use of various immunohistochemical markers, has enabled distinction between malignant epithelial cells and mesothelial cells in most cases.
Bicarbonate-buffered solutions are also considered more biocompatible by maintaining adequate concentration of cytoplasmic calcium in peritoneal macrophages and mesothelial cells (Carozzi et al., 1994).
Piche, " Ovarian cancer ascites enhance the migration of patient-derived peritoneal mesothelial cells ," International Journal of Cancer, vol.
Notice the mesothelial cell specific AE1/AE3 positive (brown colour) cells lining the colon wall, which lacks at the cystic site.
Effects on intercellular adherent activity of A549 cells to pleural mesothelial cells
(13) That broad range of sensitivity (high false-negative rate) is probably related to sampling, rather than interpretation, but one has to acknowledge that there is a broad overlap in atypical features and in immunoreactivity across benign reactive and malignant mesothelial cell proliferations.
Therefore, in the present study, the human mesothelial cell MeT-5A was employed to detect the cellular response to MWCNT throughout 3 months of exposure, including cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and cell motility.