mesentery


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mesentery

 [mes´en-ter″e]
1. a membranous fold attaching an organ to the body wall.
2. the peritoneal fold attaching the small intestine to the dorsal body wall; called also mesenterium. adj., adj mesenter´ic.

mes·en·ter·y

(mes'en-ter'ē), [TA]
1. A double layer of peritoneum attached to the abdominal wall and enclosing in its fold a portion or all of one of the abdominal viscera, conveying to it its vessels and nerves.
2. The fan-shaped fold of peritoneum suspending the greater part of the small intestines (jejunum and ileum) and attaching it to the posterior abdominal wall at the root of the mesentery (radix mesenterii). Synonym(s): mesenterium dorsale commune, mesostenium
Synonym(s): mesenterium [TA]
[Mod. L. mesenterium, fr. G. mesenterion, fr. G. mesos, middle, + enteron, intestine]

mesentery

(mĕz′ən-tĕr′ē, mĕs′-)
n. pl. mesenter·ies
Any of several folds of the peritoneum that connect the intestines to the dorsal abdominal wall, especially such a fold that envelops the jejunum and ileum.

mes′en·ter′ic adj.

mesentery

The double layer of peritoneum which covers abdominal organs and suspends the small intestine south of the ligament of Treitz—i.e., the jejunum and the ileum.

Pronunciation
Medspeak-UK: pronounced, MEE sen terry
Medspeak-US: pronounced, MEH sen terry

Many in the UK pronounce this the same as in the US.

mes·en·ter·y

(mes'ĕn-ter-ē) [TA]
1. A double layer of peritoneum attached to the abdominal wall and enclosing in its fold a portion or all of one of the abdominal viscera, conveying to it its vessels and nerves.
2. The fan-shaped fold of peritoneum encircling the greater part of the small intestines (jejunum and ileum) and attaching it to the posterior abdominal wall at the root of the mesentery (radix mesenterii).
Synonym(s): mesenterium.
[Mod. L. mesenterium, fr. G. mesenterion, fr. G. mesos, middle, + enteron, intestine]

mesentery

The complex, double-layered folded curtain of PERITONEUM that encloses the bowels and by which they are suspended from the back wall of the abdomen. Blood and lymphatic vessels run to and from the intestines between the two layers of the mesentery.

mesentery

  1. the layers of PERITONEUM that attach the gut system and its associated organs (e.g. SPLEEN) to the dorsal surface of the peritoneal cavity in mammals. The blood, lymph and nerve supplies to the gut are contained in the mesentery.
  2. one of the filaments dividing the body cavity of sea anemones and corals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Primary seromucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the mesentery is rare.
Heterotopic mesenteric ossification (HMO) is a rare bone-producing alteration that tafees place in the mesentery. It was first proposed by Wilson; however there were previous descriptions of a pseudo-malignant bone tumor of the connective tissue or intraabdominal myositis ossificans (1).
Multifocal calcifying fibrous tumor of the mesentery: an unusual case report with literature review and therapeutic implications.
The intestine and mesentery were severely congested (Fig.
Most masses are located within mesentery, omentum, and paracolic gutter or along abdominopelvic peritoneal surfaces.
A ventral mesentery only exists in the terminal part of the oesophagus, stomach and the proximal part of the duodenum.
Sites of internal hernias include the transverse mesocolon defect, Petersen's space and jejunal mesentery defect.
The greater omentum (hereafter omentum) was the mesentery attached to the greater curvature of the stomach and was much larger than the popliteal or sternal depots.
Tsujita and colleagues reported a huge bladder diverticulum leiomyosarcoma (>6 cm) with mesentery infiltration in a 68-year-old man who underwent partial cystectomy.[sup.9] Unfortunately, the patient died of local recurrence and pulmonary metastasis 39 days after the operation.
Although incidence differs in the region of origination, a case arising from the mesentery has rarely been reported [1].
Considering the irrigation of the cranial mesenteric artery, it was found in the citation of Ede (1965) that this vessel distributes itself in the mesentery. Schwarze and Schroder (1970), Sisson and Grossman (1975) reported that the largest portion of the small intestine was irrigated by this vessel.