The cause in the majority of mesenteric ischaemia
cases is the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) embolism due to aortic atheromatous plaques (4).
Through the killing of intestinal endothelial cells either directly, or indirectly through inducing mesenteric ischaemia
in the regional vasculature.
Multidetector computed tomography of mesenteric ischaemia
. Insights Imaging.
Tilsed JVT, Casamassima A, Kurihara H et al (2016) ESTES guidelines: acute mesenteric ischaemia
. European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 42: 253-270.
Keywords: Mesenteric ischaemia
, air embolism, necrosis, multidetector computed tomography
Ruckley, "Mesenteric ischaemia
: a multidisciplinary approach," British Journal of Surgery, vol.
After abdominal aorta ultrasound examination, aortobifemoral bypass thrombosis with mesenteric ischaemia
was assumed to be the cause of diarrhoea.
Whilst the exact mechanism for paralytic ileus in the presented case is uncertain, in the absence of evidence of mesenteric ischaemia
and other precipitants of ileus, the authors propose that the underlying mechanism for the presentation may involve direct, nonvascular dopaminergic and/or noradrenergic effects on intestinal smooth muscle, secondary to methamphetamine administration, leading to the symptoms and signs of ileus.
Other atypical manifestations of TTP that have been described include non-occlusive mesenteric ischaemia
, pancreatitis, hepatitis, acute respiratory distress syndrome and peripheral digital ischaemia.
The risk of mesenteric ischaemia
for patients with end stage renal disease is 44 times higher than that of the general population, with an incidence rate of 2.7 per 1,000 patient years (Li et al., 2012).
Mrs Ward went into hospital in June 2012 after being struck down by mesenteric ischaemia
- a loss of blood to the bowel.
Brandt, "Review article: diagnosis and management of mesenteric ischaemia
with an emphasis on pharmacotherapy," Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol.