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Relating to the mesencephalon.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


Relating to the mesencephalon.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


(mĕs-ĕn-sĕf′ă-lŏn) [″ + enkephalos, brain]
The midbrain; one of three primitive cerebral vesicles from which develop the corpora quadrigemina, the crura cerebri, and the aqueduct of Sylvius.
mesencephalic, adjective
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Progressive degeneration of human mesencephalic neuron-derived cells triggered by dopamine-dependent oxidative stress is dependent on the mixed-lineage kinase pathway.
Citation: Juho-Matti Renko et al., "Mesencephalic Astrocyte-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (MANF) Elevates Stimulus-Evoked Release of Dopamine in Freely-Moving Rats," Molecular Neurobiology, 2018
Sagduyu, "Mesencephalic and associated posterior circulation infarcts," Stroke, vol.
Both ropinirole and pramipexole increased dendritic arborization and soma size in human DA neurons via BDNF and mTOR signaling, underpinning observations in mouse mesencephalic DA neurons.
Several months before the patient had had an ischemic stroke in the posterior cerebral circulation, as proved by brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that showed mesencephalic infarction (Figure 1).
The cuneiform nucleus (CnF) is a sympathoexcitatory nucleus located in the mesencephalic area and involved in cardiovascular regulation.
W1-W3, white matter scoring regions: W1, cerebellar white matter; W2, mesencephalic tegmentum; W3, pyramidal tract.
In the goldfish visual system, the optic tectum has a topographical map, (36) and the midbrain (mesencephalic reticular) and the optic tectum have reciprocal circuits that regulate eye movements.
The MR image showed mesencephalic lesion with oedemaas a hyperintense area.
The analgesic effect of diathermy is explained by thermal conditioning of mesencephalic blockage and in humoral way--via thermal/stress reaction and excretion of cortisol [9, 10].
Hong, "Andrographolide reduces inflammation-mediated dopaminergic neurodegeneration in mesencephalic neuron-glia cultures by inhibiting microglial activation," Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol.