Progressive degeneration of human mesencephalic
neuron-derived cells triggered by dopamine-dependent oxidative stress is dependent on the mixed-lineage kinase pathway.
Citation: Juho-Matti Renko et al., "Mesencephalic
Astrocyte-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (MANF) Elevates Stimulus-Evoked Release of Dopamine in Freely-Moving Rats," Molecular Neurobiology, 2018
and associated posterior circulation infarcts," Stroke, vol.
Both ropinirole and pramipexole increased dendritic arborization and soma size in human DA neurons via BDNF and mTOR signaling, underpinning observations in mouse mesencephalic
Several months before the patient had had an ischemic stroke in the posterior cerebral circulation, as proved by brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that showed mesencephalic
infarction (Figure 1).
The cuneiform nucleus (CnF) is a sympathoexcitatory nucleus located in the mesencephalic
area and involved in cardiovascular regulation.
W1-W3, white matter scoring regions: W1, cerebellar white matter; W2, mesencephalic
tegmentum; W3, pyramidal tract.
In the goldfish visual system, the optic tectum has a topographical map, (36) and the midbrain (mesencephalic
reticular) and the optic tectum have reciprocal circuits that regulate eye movements.
Neuroprotective Effects of Chalcones from Myracrodruon urundeuva on 6-Hydroxydopamine-Induced Cytotoxicity in Rat Mesencephalic
The MR image showed mesencephalic
lesion with oedemaas a hyperintense area.
The analgesic effect of diathermy is explained by thermal conditioning of mesencephalic
blockage and in humoral way--via thermal/stress reaction and excretion of cortisol [9, 10].
Hong, "Andrographolide reduces inflammation-mediated dopaminergic neurodegeneration in mesencephalic
neuron-glia cultures by inhibiting microglial activation," Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol.