merozoite


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merozoite

 [mer″o-zo´īt]
one of the organisms formed by multiple fission (schizogony) of a sporozoite within the body of the host.

mer·o·zo·ite

(mer'ō-zō'īt),
The motile infective stage of sporozoan protozoa that results from schizogony or a similar type of asexual reproduction; for example, endodyogeny or endopolygeny. Merozoites form at the surface of schizonts, blastophores, or invaginations into schizonts, and are responsible for the vast reproductive powers of sporozoan parasites; this is seen in human malaria, where the cyclic production of merozoites produces the typical fever and chill syndrome.
Synonym(s): endodyocyte (2)
[mero- + G. zōon, animal]

merozoite

(mĕr′ə-zō′īt)
n.
Any of the cells of an apicomplexan parasite that arise following multiple asexual fission and may enter either the asexual or sexual phase of the life cycle.

merozoite

A motile, pre- and extra-erythrocytic form of a sporozoan (e.g., plasmodia), resulting from the asexual division of a schizont during shizogony, which in Plasmodium spp occurs in the liver or red cells. Merozoites either infect other red cells or spontaneously develop into sexual forms—i.e., microgametes (male forms) or macrogametes (female forms).

mer·o·zo·ite

(mer'ŏ-zō'īt)
The motile infective stage of sporozoan protozoa that results from schizogony or a similar type of asexual reproduction; responsible for the vast reproductive powers of sporozoan parasites.
[mero- + G. zōon, animal]

merozoite

One of the stages in the life cycle of the malarial parasite. Merozoites are small motile bodies released in large numbers after asexual division of the schizont in red blood cells. They invade further red cells or liver cells where they continue to reproduce asexually or initiate a sexual reproduction cycle by the formation of male and female sex cells.
References in periodicals archive ?
For quick and timely reduction of parasitemia, an increased merozoite death rate using antimalarial drugs such as ACT would be necessary.
Serum antibodies from malaria-exposed people recognize conserved epitopes formed by the two epidermal grow factors motifs of MSP1(19), the carboxy-terminal fragment of the major merozoite surface protein of Plasmodium falciparum.
Chan et al., "Sequential processing of merozoite surface proteins during and after erythrocyte invasion by Plasmodium falciparum" Infection and Immunity, vol.
Structural analysis of the glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol membrane anchor of the merozoite surface proteins-1 and-2 of<i> Plasmodium falciparum</i>.
Structural and antigenic polymorphism of the 35- to 48-ki lodalton merozoite surface antigen (MSA-2) of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum.
Plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein-3a: a high-resolution marker for genetic diversity studies.
Amino terminal peptides from the Plasmodium falciparum EBA-181/JESEBL protein bind specifically to erythrocytes and inhibit in vitro merozoite invasion.
IgG isotype to C-terminal 19 kDa of Plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein 1 among subjects with different levels of exposure to malaria in Brazil.
(11) Those which escape destruction invade the hepatocytes and start heavily replicating, passing through the schizont and the merozoite stages.
The interaction between PEM and Plasmodium falciparum malaria however is unclear as it is unknown whether the malaria antibodies namely Merozoite surface protein (MSP), Liverstage Antigen (LSA), and Circumsporozoite Surface Protein (CSP) can be used as a diagnostic tools.
The newer generations of MRDD are using more antigens like merozoite protein 2 and circumsporozoite proteins.