mercuric chloride poisoning

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Related to mercuric chloride poisoning: bichloride of mercury

mercuric chloride poisoning

Acute toxic reaction to ingested or inhaled salt of mercury. This form of mercury may also be absorbed through the skin.


Symptoms include severe gastrointestinal irritation with pain, cramping, constriction of the throat, vomiting, and a metallic taste in the mouth. Abdominal pain may be severe. Bloody diarrhea, bloody vomitus, scanty or absent urine output, prostration, convulsions, and unconsciousness may follow. Death from uremia is the usual outcome unless treatment is begun immediately.


Oxygen and intravenous fluids are given. Gastric lavage (not emesis) is used to empty the gastrointestinal tract. Dimercaprol or d-penicillamine is used for chelation. Similar treatment is given for mercurous chloride poisoning.

See also: poisoning
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