menthol


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

menthol

 [men´thol]
an alcohol from various mint oils or produced synthetically, used locally to relieve itching and by inhalation for treatment of upper respiratory tract disorders.

men·thol

(men'thol),
An alcohol obtained from peppermint oil or other mint oils, or prepared synthetically; used as an antipruritic and topical anesthetic; in nasal sprays; cough drops, and inhalers; and as a flavoring agent.
Synonym(s): peppermint camphor

menthol

/men·thol/ (men´thol) an alcohol from various mint oils or produced synthetically; used topically to relieve itching and as an inhalation to treat upper respiratory tract disorders.

menthol

(mĕn′thôl′)
n.
A fragrant white crystalline organic compound, C10H20O, obtained from peppermint oil or synthesized. It is used in perfumes, in cigarettes, as a mild topical anesthetic, and as a mint flavoring.

men′tho·lat′ed adj.

menthol

[men′thol]
Etymology: L, menta, mint
a topical antipruritic with a cooling effect that relieves itching. It is an ingredient in many topical creams and ointments.

menthol

Pharmacognosy
An aromatic oil first obtained from peppermint (Mentha piperita), now primarily produced synthetically, it is used topically for arthritic pain, haemorrhoids, itching and sore muscles; it is added to cough medicines and throat lozenges.

Toxicity
Pure menthol oil is toxic—as little as 5.0 mL may be fatal.

menthol

An aromatic oil from peppermint–Mentha piperita or produced synthetically, used topically for arthritic pain, hemorrhoids, itching, sore muscles and orally in cough medicines and throat lozenges Toxicity Pure menthol oil is toxic–5 mL may be fatal. See Botanical toxicity, Herbal medicine, Poisonous plants; Cf Peppermint, Wintergreen.

men·thol

(men'thol)
An organic compound made either synthetically or from peppermint or other mint oils useful as a local anesthetic, an antipruritic, and a counterirritant. It is also available as a dietary supplement or natural medicine in the form of peppermint oil.
[L. menta, mint]

menthol

A volatile oil used as a local application to relieve itching or as an embrocation. Menthol can also be used as an inhalant to relieve nasal congestion. Excessive inhalation can be dangerous and menthol can cause skin allergy. Brand names of preparations for external use containing menthol are Balmosa, Fradol, Radian B and Salonpas.

menthol

rubefacient, antipruritic and topically anaesthetic peppermint oil derivative (see Table 1)
Table 1: Topical antipruritic and analgesic agents
AgentAction and usage
Benzocaine; 20% ointmentTreatment of painful heloma neurovasculare
Antipruritic in treatment of chilling
Menthol 2%Dusting powder
Menthol 10%In methyl salicylate ointment; used to reduce inflammation, e.g. hyperaemic phase of chilblains
KaolinDusting powder
Tetracaine 4% gel Ametop gel; Amethocaine 2% creamantipruritic and analgesic
Crotamiton 10% creamEurax: powerful and rapid antipruritic
Mepyramine maleate 2% creamAnthisan: rapidly antipruritic, for insect bites

men·thol

(men'thol)
An alcohol obtained from peppermint or other mint oils, or prepared synthetically; used as an antipruritic and topical anesthetic; in nasal sprays, cough drops, and inhalers; and as a flavoring agent.
[L. menta, mint]

menthol,

n a topical antipruritic with a cooling effect that relieves itching. It is an ingredient in many topical creams and ointments.

menthol

an alcohol from various mint oils or produced synthetically, used locally to relieve pruritus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cohen, who represents the predominantly African-American Bayview-Hunters Point district of San Francisco, said the ordinance grew out of her personal experience with family members who smoked menthol cigarettes and died of cancer, and her desire to spare San Franciscans a similar fate.
The experiment was of randomized design and involved subjecting fish to stress under seven treatment conditions (with three repetitions of each) comprising application of: no anesthetic (T1), menthol at 75 (T2) or 100 mg [L.
Among current cigarette smokers, a greater proportion of non-Hispanic blacks reported menthol cigarette use (70.
But the menthol and e-cigarette markets aren't a sure bet.
Sunday Azagba, a scientist at Propel and lead author on the paper, said the appeal of menthol cigarettes among youth stems from the perception that they are less harmful than regular cigarettes.
Menthol cigarettes have been targeted because studies show they appeal to younger smokers.
The FDA, which is seeking public comment on how it should regulate menthol, found no evidence that menthol brands such as Kool and Newport are any more toxic than other cigarettes, but it worried that the cool, minty flavor makes them more appealing to beginning smokers and harder to give up.
The menthol hit is mild but effective for moderate relief, and they felt less like sweets than some similar non-medicated remedies on offer.
Even in this world of electronic smoking and constant surveillance, the menthol still holds fear for the mighty - Britain scrapped a world-class education system and hid the packs behind screens in an attempt to keep the secret - who know that just a few puffs of freedom can often lead to a cloud of revolution.
The vote was a watered-down version of new regulations proposed by the European Commission which had wanted graphic health warnings covering 75 per cent of a cigarette package, an immediate ban on menthol cigarettes and e-cigarettes being sold only on medicinal grounds.
HEALTH warnings covering 65% of cigarette packs are likely to come into force and menthol cigarettes banned following an EU vote yesterday.