* Skeletal muscle ER-DNA binding and Myo-D mRNA expression was not impacted by either menstrual phase
but was elevated in response to eccentric exercise.
Influence of gender, menstrual phase
, and oral contraceptive use on immunological changes in response to prolonged cycling.
However, Table 4 indicates that the TCT significantly differed between the patient and control groups in the menstrual phase
. The total TCT and the TCT at the central area during the menstrual phase
were significantly lower in the PD patient group than in the control group (P = 0.029 and 0.031, resp.).
AUC of CA-125 in menstrual phase
and of ACA-125 between menstrual and midcycle phases had the best performance (both with AUC = 0.96), followed by CA-125 in the midcycle (AUC = 0.89).
Although the menstrual phase
comprises 6-7 days of the 28-day menstrual cycle, in our study, the great majority of the patients were in the menstrual phase
of their cycle.
Table-III: Cross tabulation of variables with nonsignificant difference of severity between premenstrual and menstrual phase
among study participants (n = 500).
In the saffron group, C declined in both follicular and luteal phases, whereas C increased in both menstrual phases
in the control group.
The frequency of isomorphic erythrocytes was significantly higher in the menstrual phase
than in the other 2 phases, and almost all dysmorphic erythrocytes were observed in the proliferative and secretory phases (Fig.
The endometrium goes through a radical transformation during each menstrual cycle, which can be divided into three parts: the proliferative phase, the secretory phase, and the menstrual phase
. During the proliferative phase, which starts at the end of menstrual bleeding and lasts until ovulation, increasing levels of estrogen induce the endometrium to thicken.
The menstrual phase
included the 3 days prior to menses and the first 3 days of menses.
The "vaginal smear technique" is used less frequently than the former methods, and involves analyzing cells obtained from vaginal smears for the presence or absence of various sex hormones, and then inferring a particular menstrual phase
(e.g., Benedek & Rubenstein, 1939a, b).
All the recordings were done during the menstrual phase
(day 1-3) calculated from LMP- last menstrual period for the female subjects.