In the present study, when AUB was analysed as per pattern of bleeding, the incidence of menorrhagia was 57.74%, polymenorrhagia was 27.84%, metrorrhagia was 7.3% and menometrorrhagia
Frequencies and percentages were calculated for all qualitative\categorical variables including presence of endometrial hyperplasia, types of abnormal uterine bleeding (menorrhagia, polymenorrhagea and menometrorrhagia
), parity, and age group.
She reported episodes of severe menometrorrhagia
during the previous 4 months.
Jackson biopsies women aged 45-50 years if they have recurrent irregular bleeding plus at least one risk factor for endometrial cancer or they've had more than 6 months of menometrorrhagia
Age at diagnosis, previous diagnosis of infertility and polycystic ovary syndrome, type of abnormal uterine bleeding (Menorrhagia, menometrorrhagia
, or oligomenorrhea) were in dividually recorded as the characteristic features.
TABLE 2 Common physical symptoms reported by female MST survivors * (17,25) Reproductive/gynecological Pulmonary * Dysmenorrhea * Sinus congestion * Severe premenstrual symptoms * Allergies * Menometrorrhagia
* Cough * Chronic pelvic pain GI Neurologic/rheumatologic * Indigestion * Severe headache * Diarrhea and constipation * Chronic back pain * Dysphagia/odynophagia * Knee/foot pain/aching/stiffness * Irritable bowel syndrome Other CVD/CVD risk factors * Chronic fatigue * HTN * Vision problems * Obesity * Hearing problems * Sedentary lifestyle * Weight loss * Alcohol use problem * Smoking * Hysterectomy <40 y * This is a selection of the symptoms and risk factors MST survivors present with; it is not an exhaustive list.
Gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hematuria, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, syncopal attacks, chest pain, headache, and menometrorrhagia
are other findings or complaints in these patients (5), (6).
Frequently these patients also have important comorbidities, such as obesity, hypothyroidism, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, insulin resistance, or female menstrual disturbances such as menstrual irregularity, fibroid tumors (with menorrhagia, metrorrhagia, or menometrorrhagia
), fibrocystic breast disease, ovarian cysts, cervical dysplasia, or endometriosis.
Non-skin symptoms related to GDS Abdominal pain Nausea -emesis Diarrhea Weight loss Headache Visual alterations Fever Myalgias Arthralgias Paraesthesias Haematuria, Menometrorrhagia
, gingivorrhagia, Haematemesis Nephropathy by immune-complexes Vasomotor symptoms including syncope Vertigo
Case: A 44-year-old African American woman was admitted for vaginal hysterectomy (VH) due to a four month history of menometrorrhagia
despite medical management.
After one year of tamoxifen treatment, a woman in the control group died from breast cancer and a woman in the treatment group suffered from menometrorrhagia
and had undergone hysterectomy.