meningoencephalocele


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Related to meningoencephalocele: meningoencephalitis, meningohydroencephalocele

encephalocele

 [en-sef´ah-lo-sēl″]
hernial protrusion of brain substance and meninges through a congenital or traumatic opening of the skull.
occipital encephalocele an encephalocele in the occipital region, the most common kind seen in the Western Hemisphere.
A baby with a large occipital encephalocele. From Mueller and Young, 2001.

me·nin·go·en·ceph·a·lo·cele

(mĕ-ning'gō-en-sef'ă-lō-sēl'),
A protrusion of the meninges and brain through a congenital defect in the cranium, usually in the frontal or occipital region.
[meningo- + G. enkephalos, brain, + kēlē, hernia]

me·nin·go·en·ceph·a·lo·cele

(mĕ-ning'gō-en-sef'ă-lō-sēl)
A protrusion of the meninges and brain through a congenital defect in the cranium, usually in the frontal or occipital region.
Synonym(s): encephalomeningocele.
[meningo- + G. enkephalos, brain, + kēlē, hernia]

meningoencephalocele

Protrusion of part of the brain with the covering membranes (MENINGES) through a defect in the skull. An encephalocoele.
References in periodicals archive ?
Spontaneous meningoencephalocele of the temporal bone: clinical spectrum and presentation.
Caption: FIGURE 3: Sagittal T2W MRI of the skull shows a basal occipital meningoencephalocele with protrusion toward the naso- and oropharynx.
Paucity of work and rarity of occurrence of nasoethmoidal meningoencephalocele further highlights the importance of research in the field diagnosis and surgical management of these cases.
MRI is also the best method for identifying intracranial anomalies associated with meningoencephalocele: holoprosencephaly, DandyWalker malformation, aqueductal stenosis, agenesis of the corpus callosum, and other midline abnormalities.
Trans-sphenoidal meningoencephaloceles are usually congenital anomalies, although cranial trauma as a cause has been reported.
In this article, we report an unusual case of a temporal lobe meningoencephalocele in a cranial bone (rather than a paranasal sinus) that appeared as a lytic lesion of the pterygoid process.
Many pathological masses in the nose may look like antrochoanal polyp, for example dermoid cysts, meningoencephaloceles, teratomae or sphenochoanal polyps [8].
Retinoid embryopathy ranges from craniofacial dysmorphias appendagial abnormalities to meningoencephaloceles. Risk is greatest in the first trimester.
Benign processes include nasal polyps, mucoceles, meningoencephaloceles, chrondromas, osteomas, ossifying fibromas, and cementomas.
Some patients had multiple defects in the tegmen and dura, and some can have meningoencephaloceles, can be seen behind the tympanic membrane.
The differential diagnosis of nasopharyngeal cysts includes adenoid hypertrophy, branchial cleft cysts, meningoceles, meningoencephaloceles, antrochoanal polyps, sphenochoanal polyps, and malignant tumors.
According to D'Antonio et al (Imaging Clinic), trans-sphenoidal meningoencephaloceles are always congenital.