meningococcus

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meningococcus

 [mĕ-ning″go-kok´us]
a microorganism of the species Neisseria meningitidis, the cause of some types of meningitis. adj., adj meningococ´cal.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Neis·se·ri·a me·nin·gi·'ti·dis

a bacterial species found in the nasopharynx of humans but not in other animals; the causative agent of meningococcal meningitis and meningicoccemia; virulent organisms are strongly gram negative and occur singly or in pairs; in the latter case the cocci are elongated and are arranged with long axes parallel and facing sides kidney shaped; groups characterized by serologically specific capsular polysaccharides are designated by capital letters (the main serogroups being A, B, C, and D).
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

meningococcus

(mə-nĭng′gə-kŏk′əs, -nĭn′jə-)
n. pl. meningo·cocci (-kŏk′sī, -kī)
A bacterium (Neisseria meningitidis) that causes cerebrospinal meningitis.

me·nin′go·coc′cal (-kŏk′əl), me·nin′go·coc′cic (-kŏk′sĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Neis·se·ri·a me·nin·gi·ti·dis

(nī-sēr'ē-ă men-in-jit'i-dis)
A species found in the nasopharynx; the causative agent of meningococcal meningitis. Virulent organisms are strongly gram-negative and occur singly or in pairs; in the latter case the cocci are elongated and are arranged with long axes parallel and facing sides kidney shaped. Groups characterized by serologically specific capsular polysaccharides are designated by capital letters (the main serogroups being A, B, C, and D).
Synonym(s): meningococcus.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Considerable evidence indicates that complementmediated serum bactericidal antibody (SBA), induced by naso- or oropharyngeal colonization or vaccination, confers protection against meningococci (8,9).
The data from this co-culture model system suggest that meningococci may undergo important transcriptional changes when they enter the human nasopharynx and encounter resident bacterial populations.
Meningococci are commonly found in their nasopharyngeal or tonsillar mucosa.
He said: "It is bound to hasten the development of comprehensive vaccines that offer protection against all virulent meningococci."
The median age of patients with SYMD was 16 years compared with 2 years for patients with disease caused by non-serogroup Y meningococci. Although patients with SYMD were more likely to present with purulent sputum (six [14%] versus one [2%]) and chest pain (eight [19%] versus one [2%]), they were not more likely to have an infiltrate on chest radiograph (seven [23%] versus 10 [20%]).
* Response Strategies against Meningitis Epidemics after Elimination of Serogroup A Meningococci, Niger
Vaccines covered by the Agreement include those for the prevention of diseases caused by Group A streptococci, Group B streptococci, Pneumococci, Group B meningococci, anthrax bacilli and urinary tract infection (UTI) associated E.
"About half of septic cerebrospinal fluids now have meningococci," said Dr.
After its identification in 1974, serogroup B meningococci belonging to the ET-5 complex subsequently caused epidemics in Europe, Cuba, and South America (2).
For meningococci, a penicillin MIC >2 mg/L is caused by plasmid-mediated [beta]-lactamase production but is extremely rare (9).