meningococcal meningitis


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me·nin·go·coc·cal men·in·gi·tis

an acute infectious disease of children and young adults, caused by Neisseria meningitidis and characterized by fever, headache, photophobia, vomiting, nuchal rigidity, seizures, coma, and a purpuric eruption. Even in the absence of meningitis, meningococcemia can induce toxic phenomena such as vasculitis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, shock, and Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome due to adrenal hemorrhage; late complications include paralysis, mental retardation, and gangrene of the extremities.

meningococcal meningitis

[mining′gōkok′əl]
bacterial meningitis caused by infection with Neisseria meningitidis, an acute infectious disease with seropurulent meningeal inflammation. It usually appears in epidemics, and symptoms are those of acute cerebral and spinal meningitis, usually with an eruption of cutaneous erythematous, herpetic, or hemorrhagic spots. The fulminating or malignant form accompanied with hemorrhagic apoplexy of adrenal glands is known as Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome. Also called cerebrospinal fever, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis.

meningococcal meningitis

Meningeal infection by Neisseria meningitidis, primarily of children, typically of rapid onset after an upper respiratory tract infection (URI).
 
Epidemiology
More common in winter or spring, possibly with local epidemics at boarding schools or military bases.
 
Risk factors
Exposure to another person with meningococcal meningitis, recent URI.

meningococcal meningitis

Neurology Meningeal infection by N meningococcus, primarily of children, typically of rapid onset after a URI Epidemiology Often in winter or spring, possibly with local epidemics at boarding schools or military bases Risk factors Exposure to another person with MM, recent URI. See Meningitis.

me·nin·go·coc·cal me·nin·gi·tis

(mĕ-ning'gō-kok'ăl men-in-jī'tis)
An acute infectious disease affecting children and young adults, caused by Neisseria meningitidis; characterized by nasopharyngeal catarrh, headache, vomiting, convulsions, stiffness in the neck (nuchal rigidity), photophobia, constipation, cutaneous hyperesthesia, a purpuric or herpetic eruption, and the presence of Kernig sign. Fulminant form may cause Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome.

meningococcal meningitis

An epidemic form of MENINGITIS, sometimes called cerebrospinal fever or spotted fever, and commoner in children than in adults. The organism responsible, Neisseria meningitidis , is spread by coughed or sneezed droplets. There is early leg pain, cold hands and feet, pallor or mottling of the skin, then a sore throat, fever, severe headache, marked neck stiffness and vomiting. A rash of red spots appears on the trunk and the affected person may be gravely ill within a day of onset and quickly become confused, drowsy and comatose. Without treatment, death may occur within days or even hours but an intensive course of antibiotics is usually successful, resulting in full recovery. Vaccines are available. Contacts are sometimes given protective antibiotics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Almost all meningococcal meningitis cases in this outbreak were caused by serogroup W.
Epidemiological changes in meningococcal meningitis in Niger from 2008 to 2011 and the impact of vaccination.
To conclude, as a part of preparedness and effectively contain and manage the outbreaks of meningococcal meningitis in the sub-Saharan African region, the need of the hour is to strengthen the existing resources, work in a concerted manner with the stakeholders, and effectively address the issue of vaccine shortage, so that any such future outbreaks can be averted.
To allay public fears, DHA conducted its own investigation concluding that there was no case of meningococcal meningitis in Dubai.
Her primary research interests include risk assessment, surveillance, and control of communicable diseases, such as meningococcal meningitis.
A rash that does not fade under pressure is a sign of meningococcal meningitis and/ or septicaemia.
Meningococcal Meningitis - Pipeline Review, Half Year is built using data and information sourced from Global Markets Direct's proprietary databases, Company/University websites, SEC filings, investor presentations and featured press releases from company/university sites and industry-specific third party sources, put together by Global Markets Direct's team.
During his talk Dr Wolfgang Bender emphasized on the unpredictable trends in the epidemiology of Meningococcal Disease induced by travelling to endemic areas resulting in frequent epidemics globally, He also drew the attention of the audience to the underestimated disease burden of meningococcal meningitis in Pakistan and endorsed the need of vaccinating the young individuals against this deadly disease.
Moreover, Richardson and colleagues (4) compared the results of Gram staining and culture of CSF to results obtained with a rapid PCR based assay for the diagnosis of meningococcal meningitis in 281 cases of suspected bacterial meningitis.
He said one of the most virulent manifestations of the disease is - meningococcal meningitis, caused by the Neisseria meningitides bacterium.