meningitis belt

A popular term for a region of sub-Saharan Africa which has hosted large epidemics of meningococcal meningitis for over a century

meningitis belt

A popular term for a region of sub-Saharan Africa where epidemics of group A meningococcal infection occur in cycles of
± 10 yrs
References in periodicals archive ?
meningitidis serogroup A (NmA) was responsible for majority of the epidemics in the meningitis belt.
Outbreaks of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup X meningococcal (MenX) infections in the African meningitis belt caused by isolates of clonal complex (CC) 181, including an outbreak in 2006 in Niger and one during 2007-2010 in Togo and Burkina Faso (1,2), were characterized by high rates of illness and death.
Acknowledging the high case load, higher incidence rate and/or case fatality rate, the enormous burden on individuals, families, society, and healthcare systems, in an attempt to counter the disease successfully, MACV was launched initially in Burkina Faso in the year 2010, and was subsequently introduced in the other nations from the meningitis belt.
As per WHO, twenty-six African countries in sub-Saharan Africa are known as the Meningitis belt and carry highest epidemic risk.
In-fact, the region has been named as the meningitis belt (extending from Senegal to Ethiopia - comprising of 26 nations), because of the large number of cases being reported in the region [2].
But just 5 years after an affordable meningitis A vaccine was introduced, its use has led to the control and near elimination of deadly meningitis A disease in the African meningitis belt extending all over the continent from Senegal to Ethiopia.
Those arriving from nations of the African Meningitis Belt - including the Gambia, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea - will be also be obliged to receive a preventive vaccine upon entry into Saudi Arabia.
disease, African meningitis belt, epidemic season 2006.
The ministry, in February last year, declared the young nation, which lies in Africa's Meningitis belt, free from the bacterial disease.
Talking about prevention Dr Asad said that outside of the meningitis belt clearance antibiotics are effective and treatment should be started within 24 hours of identification.
The African meningitis belt extends from Ethiopia to Senegal and has cyclical epidemics occurring every 5 - 10 years, resulting in attack rates of 1 000/100 000 or higher.