Cytologically proven meningeal carcinomatosis
in patients with lung cancer: Clinical observation of 34 cases.
Lifshitz, "Acute bilateral blindness in meningeal carcinomatosis
," Eye, vol.
Bodey, "CSF carcinoembryonic antigen in meningeal carcinomatosis
from breast cancer," JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol.
Survival of breast cancer patients with meningeal carcinomatosis
. Ann Oncol.
(MC) is rare and occurs in 1-18% of patients with solid tumours, most commonly carcinomas of the breast and lung or melanomas.
is the tumoral invasion of the leptomeninges.
Due to recurrent characteristics of hypertensive encephalopathy, chronic bacterial and fungal infections of the central nervous system, a current cerebrovascular accident and central nervous system vasculitis, and meningeal carcinomatosis
There is no difference in the appearance comparing to meningeal carcinomatosis
, lymphoma, leukemia, tuberculosis and fungus meningitis [5, 6].
Tajiri, "A case of meningeal carcinomatosis
with gastric cancer which manifested meningeal signs as the initial symptom; the palliative benefit of radiotherapy," Journal of Nippon Medical School, vol.
Ocular symptoms even in the absence of other clinical symptoms may represent the initial manifestation of meningeal carcinomatosis
. Thus, meningeal carcinomatosis
should be considered in the differential diagnosis in selected patients even if making the diagnosis is often challenging.
The etiology is diverse and includes infectious, granulomatous and inflammatory disorders, collagen vascular disorders, carcinoma, lymphoma, meningioma en plaque, sarcoidosis, haemodialysis, mucopolysaccharidosis, intrathecal drug administration, and meningeal carcinomatosis