The middle meningeal artery may partially (only the anterior division) or completely arise from ophthalmic artery.
Ramus superior persists into adulthood as the intracranial part of middle meningeal artery.
GROSS ANATOMY AND CLINICAL CORELATION: The vessels passing through the superior orbital fissure and the cranioorbital foramen contribute to arterial supply of anterior part of dura of middle cranial fossa and form anastomoses between ophthalmic artery and middle meningeal artery or dural branches of internal carotid artery.
Orbital branches of middle meningeal artery passing through cranioorbital foramen is thought to be main vascular supply to meningiomas in the anterior cranial fossa as indicated by Kuru (1967).
An anastomosis between middle meningeal artery and recurrent meningeal branch of lacrimal artery was found to be usual.
Thus anastomoses may be postulated between infraorbital and middle meningeal artery via lacrimal artery.