Research has demonstrated that males have better spatial abilities than females, but gender differences in the spatial memory span
have not yet been tested.
As expected, no main effects emerged for type of memory span
This result is consistent with prior studies of memory span
, which have usually shown that older adults have a smaller span capacity than do younger adults (Kausler & Puckett, 1979; Murphy et al., 1981; Salthouse & Babcock, 1991; Wingfield, Styne, Lahar, & Aberdeen, 1988).
1985; Daneman and Carpenter 1983; Dixon, Le Fevre, and Twilley 1989; Just and Carpenter 1992; King and Just 1991; Masson and Miller 1983) have used a measure of working memory span
to try to predict general reading performance.
Relative contribution of vocabulary knowledge and working memory span
to elaborative inferences in reading.
and general intelligence: A latent variable approach.
In summary, performance in tasks that involve working memory processes improve during childhood and, according to several studies, the following overall sequence can be established: the phonological loop and the ability of inhibition in its simplest form is present from early childhood, which would be consistent with the study of Davidson, Amso, Anderson, and Diamond (2006) in which no age group (including children below age 4) had trouble in keeping in mind two different rules that had to be applied in a task; from 4 to 8 years of age, children's memory span
increases, a factor that probably facilitates more complex strategies.
The working memory capacity that consists of both measured basic parameters of information processing (rate of information processing and length of memory span
) will increase between TA2 and TA3.
Thus, according to Torres's design, the working memory span
test consisted of forty-two sentences, divided in twelve sets ranging from two to five sentences: three sets of two sentences, three of three sentences, three of four and three sets of five sentences.
"It had been thought before this revelation that your average cod possessed a short memory span
. In this respect, they were rather like our politicians, inclined to forget things.
Researchers at the University of Plymouth found that goldfish have a memory span
of at least three months and can distinguish between different shapes and colours
For example, in one of the first studies on memory updating, participants were presented either with certain-length or with uncertain-length lists of items in order to measure their running memory span
, described as a measure of the ability to manipulate memory content fluidly over an allocated period of time (Pollack & Johnson, 1963; Pollack, Johnson, & Knaff, 1959).