melanophore


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Related to melanophore: chromatophore

mel·a·no·phore

(mel'ă-nō-fōr'),
A dermal pigment cell that does not secrete its pigment granules but participates in rapid color changes by intracellular aggregation and dispersal of melanosomes; it is well developed in fish, amphibians, and reptiles, but absent in humans.
[melano- + G. phoros, bearing]

melanophore

(mĕl′ə-nə-fôr′, mə-lăn′ə-)
n.
A brown or black melanin-containing chromatophore found in the skin of a fish, amphibian, or reptile.

melanophore

A melanocyte that contains eumelanin, found in lower animals, which has contractile properties that cause the translocation of melanosomes, resulting in rapid adaptive changes in colouration.

mel·a·no·phore

(mel'ă-nō-fōr')
A dermal pigment cell that does not secrete its pigment granules but participates in rapid color changes by intracellular aggregation and dispersal of melanosomes; it is well developed in fish, amphibians, and reptiles, but absent in humans.
[melano- + G. phoros, bearing]

melanophore

or

melanocyte

a type of pigment cell (or CHROMATOPHORE) that contains the pigment melanin, usually found in the skin of animals. It has a protective or camouflage function.
References in periodicals archive ?
Transformation of amphibian irido-phores into melanophores in clonal culture.
The term "band" refers to an aggregation of melanophores oriented vertically; "bar" refers to an aggregation that is oriented horizontally.
The head remained unpigmented until day 36 when melanophores appeared on the snout, forebrain, midbrain, and nape (Fig.
Nussbaum (1969) also stated that hatchlings have their dorsal melanophores arranged in distinct rings, which form 2 rows along the back; our captive-reared hatchling also had this pattern (Fig.
Physiological color change of melanophores can also be regulated based on the color of the background environment (Logan et al., 2006).
To explore the biological action of SL in hepatocytes, we produced and purified recombinant tilapia SL protein which could induce pigment aggregation in tilapia melanophores. Further, the antiserum for the SL was produced and its specificity was confirmed by antiserum preabsorption.
helvomaculatus ([greater than or equal to] 1 melanophore on the caudal peduncle to at least 8.4 mm versus none by 7.7 mm, respectively).
The Non-identity of the Neurohumours for the Melanophores and Xanthophores of Fundulus.
[107] Melanophore pattern on pectoral fin (Costa 1998a) (CI: 0.33; RI: 0): (0) no distinctive marks; (1) spots; (2) bars [unordered].
Arena is developing a broad pipeline of compounds that act on an important class of drug targets called G protein-coupled receptors, or GPCRs, using its knowledge of GPCRs and its technologies, including CART (Constitutively Activated Receptor Technology) and Melanophore. Arena has three internally discovered, clinical-stage product candidates.
Mississippi Silversides also have a much finer and reticulated melanophore pattern on dorsolateral scales consisting of a single row of finely divided melanophores bordering each scale in contrast to several rows of darker concentrated cells in the native species.
1, with melanophore distributions highlighted in Panels E and F-G, respectively.