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Related to melanocytes: Merkel cells


Skin cells derived from the neural crest that produce the protein pigment melanin.


neural tube-derived, melanin-producing cells of dermoepidermal junction and stratum germinativum; characterized by long branching dendritic processes (see melanosome)

melanocytes (mel´ənəsīts), the dendritic cells of the gingival epithelium that, when functional, cause pigmentation regardless of race.
References in periodicals archive ?
KIT also plays a pivotal role in melanocyte migration, development and proliferation (Grichnik, 2006).
pulsed Q-switched ruby laser (694 nm) surgery is unquestionably the current treatment of choice for nevi of Ota and Ito, and it works via selective photothermal and photomechanical destruction of dermal melanocytes and melanophages.
This was confirmed in a lab study in which nonapeptide-1 reduced melanin synthesis in melanocytes by 33% without affecting their normal functions.
We suspect that a number of eumelanin was produced by melanocytes through Gn[alpha]s signaling in hair follicles of black mice; on the contrary, fewer melanocytes produced melanin in hair follicles of white mice.
Melanocytes are the neuroectodermal-derived cells present in the basal layers of the skin/mucosal membranes, which are responsible for production of brown pigment called melanin, which gives the skin its tan or brown colour.
They say the study is the first to outline the link between EdnrB and Wnt signaling, confirming that EdnrB coordinates the rapid reproduction of melanocyte stem cells.
In experiments with early stage skin and hair cells, called melanocyte stem cells, two pathways controlled the amount of pigment.
showed that the depigmented skin of vitiligo patients carries residual melanocytes that can be preserved in hair follicles for a long time (4).
ROS can attack melanocytes and interfere with normal metabolism, proliferation, and differentiation of melanocytes, causing cell apoptosis and defects [20].
Melanocytes are charged with making melanin, the pigment that protects the skin from the sun's damaging ultraviolet rays.
Taking advantage of that ready availability, scientists have discovered a way to repurpose fibroblasts into functional melanocytes, the body's pigment-producing cells.
Melanoma begins in the melanocytes of the skin, which are the cells that produce a pigment called melanin that colors the skin, hair and eyes.

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