Em equinos, a ultrassonografia tem sido usada com boa confianca e repetibilidade na avaliacao biometrica do Longissimus Dorsi, Musculus Multifidus, Gluteus Medius
e Biceps Femoris (KERSTEN & EDINGER, 2004; STUBBS et al., 2010; LINDNER et al., 2010; STUBBS et al., 2011a).
This could be because of weakness of the Glut medius
, the Gluteus maximus may work as a prime mover of the hip as well as stabilizer of the hip joint during sit-to-stand and walking.
This motion has also been show to be effective in activating the gluteus medius
(Bolgla & Uhl, 2005; Distefano, Blackburn, Marshall, & Padua, 2009; Ekstrom, Donatelli, & Carp, 2007).
Before applying physiotherapy, asymmetry of stiffness of gluteus medius
muscles was the following: 31.6 [+ or -] 5.0% while lying and 24.3 [+ or -] 7.1% while standing.
Ultrasound is useful in evaluating the following tendons about the hip: iliopsoas, rectus femoris, sartorius, tensor fasciae latae and iliotibial band, common adductor, pectineus, distal rectus abdominis and conjoined tendon, gluteus medius
, gluteus minimus, and common hamstring origin.
Techniques are described that focus on muscle facilitation and inhibition including facilitation of scapula muscles such as serratus anterior and lower trapezius, and muscles of the spine and lower limb including the erector spinae and gluteus medius
The males also generated more than twice as much activation of the gluteus medius
and vastus medialis muscles on the upper leg and pelvis area.
The muscles attaching to the first rib are the scalenus anterior, the scalenus medius
, the serratus anterior, and the intercostaes.
The gluteal muscles are made up of three individual muscles: The gluteus maximus, gluteus medius
, and the gluteus minimus.
Needle electrodes are placed at the external anal sphincter, the gluteus medius
and maximus, the adductor longus, the tibialis, and the gastrocnemius muscles.