psychosomatic

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psychosomatic

 [si″ko-so-mat´ik]
pertaining to the interrelations of mind and body; having bodily symptoms of psychic, emotional, or mental origin.
psychosomatic disorder (psychosomatic illness) a disorder in which the physical symptoms are caused or exacerbated by psychological factors, such as migraine headache, lower back pain, or irritable bowel syndrome; see also somatoform disorders. It is now recognized that emotional factors play a role in the development of nearly all organic illnesses and that the physical symptoms experienced by the patient are related to many interdependent factors, including psychological and cultural. The physical manifestations of an illness, unless caused by mechanical trauma, cannot be divorced from a person's emotional life. Each person responds in a unique way to stress; emotions affect one's sensitivity to trauma and to irritating elements in the environment, susceptibility to infection, and ability to recover from the effects of illness. Physical conditions to which psychological factors are shown to be contributory are currently classified as psychological factors affecting medical condition. Any physical condition can be so classified, but the most frequently included are asthma, peptic ulcer, bowel disorders, cardiovascular disorders, arthritis, allergy, headache, and certain endocrine disorders. In recent years there has been some success in using behavior therapy to treat these and other illnesses whose symptoms are related to the autonomic nervous system. Clients are taught new ways of coping with stress and new patterns of behavior. Among the techniques used are biofeedback, relaxation training, classical conditioning, and operant conditioning using social and material reinforcement.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

psy·cho·so·mat·ic

(sī'kō-sō-mat'ik),
Refers to the influence of the mind or psychological functioning of the brain on the physiologic functions of the body relative to bodily disorders or disease and the reciprocal impact of disease on psychological functioning. It can be used pejoratively, especially if it is thought that the possibility of secondary gain exists. See: psychophysiologic, psychogenic.
See also: placebo, nocebo.
[psycho- + G. sōma, body]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

psychosomatic

(sī′kō-sō-măt′ĭk)
adj.
1. Of or relating to a disorder having physical symptoms but originating from mental or emotional causes.
2. Relating to or concerned with the influence of the mind on the body, and the body on the mind, especially with respect to disease: psychosomatic medicine.

psy′cho·so·mat′i·cal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

psychosomatic

adjective Referring to symptoms that appear physical but are in fact caused by psychological stress.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

psy·cho·so·mat·ic

(sī'kō-sŏ-mat'ik)
Pertaining to the influence of the mind or higher functions of the brain (emotions, fears, desires) on the functions of the body, especially in relation to bodily disorders or disease.
See also: psychophysiologic
Synonym(s): psychophysical (2) .
[psycho- + G. sōma, body]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

psychosomatic

1. Pertaining to the relationship between the mind and the body.
2. Pertaining to the apparent effect of mental and emotional factors in contributing to physical disorders. These definitions imply the possibly untenable assumptions enshrined in the long-held view (Cartesian dualism) that the mind and the body are distinct, separable entities.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Psychosomatic

Referring to physical symptoms that are caused or significantly influenced by emotional factors. Some doctors regard couvade syndrome as a psychosomatic condition.
Mentioned in: Couvade Syndrome
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

psy·cho·so·mat·ic

(sī'kō-sŏ-mat'ik)
Refers to influence of mind or psychological functioning of brain on physiologic functions of body relative to bodily disorders or disease and reciprocal impact of disease on psychological functioning.
[psycho- + G. sōma, body]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012