This paper explores the concept of the medicalization
of women's experiences of their bodies within the context of the continuing debate over the pathologizing of menstrual cycle-related changes in general and PMDD in particular.
As Western influence, in the form of Western-styled rational bureaucratic organization and capitalistic values, enters traditional cultures, it is possible that medicalization
could occur as a latent interactive outcome.
In contrast, Nancy Rose Hunt's A Colonial Lexicon of Birth Ritual, Medicalization
, and Mobility in the Congo takes the notion of "objects" very seriously.
This point is critical to Batholomew's argument that the medicalization
of latah partook of a broader racist discourse, framed within a social Darwinist ideology, that construed Malays to be of nervous predisposition--a weaker people.
Many in social work have hitched their wagons to psychiatry with its relentless medicalization
of complaints as psychiatric disorders requiring medication.
Though women in the course can often identify with references to the medicalization
of menstruation or the power differentials between male practitioners and female patients, these same references often leave male students somewhat nonplussed or, worse, alienated.
The social construction of fetal rights by the courts and by society, largely in response to new technologies, medical knowledge, and the medicalization
of pregnancy, raises questions concerning the viability of the rights' framework.
Social trends such as the "medicalization
" of the causes of disabilities, "scientific racism" based upon I.Q.
There is a section on 'medicalization
of the life cycle', which might have been better for more discussion, rather than mere citing, of the writings of people like Szasz and Laing.
They cover organizing analysis: evidence and analytical sequence; culture change on a grand scale; protest, revolution, and culture change; organizations and culture change; health and the body: the impact of cultural medicalization
; emotion, the family, and culture change: a more personal scale; culture contacts and culture change; and prejudice and acceptance: culture change and social hierarchies.
Keywords: Overdiagnosis, False Test Results, Social Construction, Medicalization