medical outcomes study


Also found in: Dictionary, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.

medical outcomes study

an evaluation of comparable medical care approaches and their relative prognoses.

Medical Outcomes Study

A two-year study of patients with chronic conditions, which was designed to:
(1) Determine whether variations in patient outcomes are explained by differences in system of care, clinician specialty, and clinicians' technical and interpersonal styles; and
(2) Develop more practical tools for the routine monitoring of patient outcomes in medical practice. 

The 116-item MOS core survey measures of quality of life include physical, mental and general health. It was later divided into the SF-36 and SF-12 questionnaires.

medical outcomes study

,

MOS

A Study to provide valid comparisons between medical care processes and outcomes as they are affected by system of care and clinician's specialty, as well as by patients' diagnoses and the levels of severity of illness. MOS provides a model for monitoring the results of medical care.
See: medical audit
References in periodicals archive ?
Antecedents of adherence to medical recommendations: Results from the Medical Outcomes Study.
The 9-item visit rating form from the Medical Outcomes Study (1) that was used in Flocke's study is an ordinal scale.
The Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (MOS SF-36), the Mental Component Summary (MCS) Scale, and the Physical Component Summary (PCS) Scale were the tools used to analyze data collected.
Comparison of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-form Health Survey, EuroQol, and Disease Specific Measures.
With the growing interest in health status measurement, a generic instrument, the short form 36 (SF-36), was developed for use in the Medical Outcomes Study in the USA [3].
To assess quality of life, participants also completed a Medical Outcomes Study 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) questionnaire concerning their ability to perform daily tasks.
Rural survivors fared worse on every mental health outcome variable that was measured by the university researchers, including subscales of the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS-36), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Distress Thermometer Rating and Problem List.
The researchers also saw significant improvement among tai chi patients on the physician global assessment score, the patient global assessment score, the 6-minute walk test, and both the physical and mental components of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey.
At randomization, women in the supracervical hysterectomy group had higher scores on the 100-point Medical Outcomes Study sexual problems scale, with 100 representing no problems.
STUDY DESIGN We used a cross-sectional analysis of Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) data.

Full browser ?