medical diagnosis


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Related to medical diagnosis: Medical conditions

diagnosis

 [di″ag-no´sis]
1. determination of the nature of a cause of a disease.
2. a concise technical description of the cause, nature, or manifestations of a condition, situation, or problem. adj., adj diagnos´tic.
clinical diagnosis diagnosis based on signs, symptoms, and laboratory findings during life.
differential diagnosis the determination of which one of several diseases may be producing the symptoms.
medical diagnosis diagnosis based on information from sources such as findings from a physical examination, interview with the patient or family or both, medical history of the patient and family, and clinical findings as reported by laboratory tests and radiologic studies.
nursing diagnosis see nursing diagnosis.
physical diagnosis diagnosis based on information obtained by inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation.
diagnosis-Related Groups (DRG) a system of classification or grouping of patients according to medical diagnosis for purposes of paying hospitalization costs. In 1983, amendments to Social Security contained a prospective payment plan for most Medicare inpatient services in the United States. The payment plan was intended to control rising health care costs by paying a fixed amount per patient. The program of DRG reimbursement was based on the premise that similar medical diagnoses would generate similar costs for hospitalization. Therefore, all patients admitted for a surgical procedure such as hernia repair would be charged the same amount regardless of actual cost to the hospital. If a patient's hospital bill should total less than the amount paid by Medicare, the hospital is allowed to keep the difference. If, however, a patient's bill is more than that reimbursed by Medicare for a specific diagnosis, the hospital must absorb the difference in cost. See also appendix of Diagnosis-Related Groups.

medical diagnosis

Etymology: L, medicare + Gk, dia, through, gnosis, knowledge
the determination of the cause of a patient's illness or suffering by the combined use of physical examination, patient interview, laboratory tests, review of the patient's medical records, knowledge of the cause of observed signs and symptoms, and differential elimination of similar possible causes.

medical diagnosis

1. The identification of the cause of the patient's illness or discomfort.
2. The process of determining the unique cause of a patient's illness.
See also: diagnosis
References in periodicals archive ?
The use of single-valued neutrosophic sets in medical diagnosis by using distance measures and similarity measure which have not been addressed in the literature.
Systems that depend first on ascertaining medical diagnosis would be errorprone, if they relied on medical records coding, or must determine diagnosis independently (to the extent that this could be done at all from medical records, because needed data might be missing or in error).
Increasingly common in medical diagnosis methodologies, wireless biomedical monitoring devices have become a field unto itself.
For medical diagnosis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) quickly took a place next to computerized tomography (CT) as a sophisticated imaging technology.
It explains the definition of medical diagnosis and the techniques used to improve the performance of existing medical diagnosis systems, the difficulties of diagnosis, and the components of web-based medical diagnosis systems; the definition of artificial intelligence, its importance in diagnosis, and applications like signal and image processing; the procedure and steps for diagnosis; the biological and mathematical definitions of artificial neural networks and the activation functions for processing; types of artificial neural networks and definitions related to feed forward and recurrent neural networks; other terms and definitions; and applications for medical research.
Monoclonal antibodies are widely used in medical diagnosis and are hot prospects as therapeutic agents.

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