mediastinum


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mediastinum

 [me″de-ah-sti´num] (L.)
1. a median septum or partition.
2. the mass of tissues and organs separating the sternum in front and the vertebral column behind, containing the heart and its large vessels, trachea, esophagus, thymus, lymph nodes, and other structures and tissues. It is divided into anterior, middle, posterior, and superior regions.
mediastinum tes´tis a partial septum of the testis formed near its posterior border by a continuation of the tunica albuginea.

me·di·as·ti·num

(me'dē-as-tī'nŭm),
1. A septum between two parts of an organ or a cavity.
2. The median partition of the thoracic cavity, covered by the mediastinal part of the parietal pleura and containing all the thoracic viscera and structures except the lungs. It is divided arbitrarily into two major divisions: the superior mediastinum [TA] (mediastinum superus [TA]), which lies directly superior to a horizontal plane intersecting the sternal angle and approximately the T4-5 intervertebral disc, and the inferior mediastinum [TA] (mediastinum inferius [TA]) inferior to that plane; the latter is, in turn, subdivided in three parts: a middle mediastinum [TA] (mediastinum medium [TA]), which is coterminus with the pericardial sac containing the heart: a nearly potential anterior mediastinum [TA] (mediastinum anterius [TA]) lying in front: and a posterior mediastinum [TA] (mediastinum posterius [TA]) behind, containing the esophagus, descending aorta, and thoracic duct. Synonym(s): interpleural space, interpulmonary septum, mediastinal space, septum mediastinale
[Mod. L. a middle septum, fr. Mediev. L. mediastinus, medial, fr. L. mediastinus, a lower servant, fr. medius, middle]

mediastinum

(mē′dē-ə-stī′nəm)
n. pl. mediasti·na (-nə)
The region in mammals between the pleural sacs, containing the heart and all of the thoracic viscera except the lungs.

me′di·as·ti′nal (-nəl) adj.

mediastinum

The region of the thorax bounded by the lungs, which includes the heart and regional vessels, trachea, oesophagus, bronchi, lymph nodes.

Mediastinal regions: Tissues and tumours
• Superior: Lymphoid, thymic, thyroid, parathyroid.
• Anterior: Thymic, germ cell, lymphoid, thyroid, parathyroid.
• Middle: Trachea and main bronchi (bronchogenic cyst), pericardial, lymphoid.
• Posterior: Sympathetic ganglia, paraganglia (neurogenic tumours), lymphoid, oesophageal, vascular.

me·di·as·ti·num

(me'dē-ă-stī'nŭm) [TA]
1. A septum between two parts of an organ or a cavity.
2. The median partition of the thoracic cavity, covered by the mediastinal part of the parietal pleura and containing all the thoracic viscera and structures except the lungs. It is divided arbitrarily into two major divisions: a superior mediastinum (mediastinum superius [TA]), which lies directly superior to a horizontal plane intersecting the sternal angle and approximately the T4-5 intervertebral disc, and an inferior mediastinum (mediastinum inferius [TA]) inferior to that plane; the latter is, in turn, subdivided in three parts: a middle mediastinum (mediastinum medium [TA]), which is coterminous with the pericardial sac containing the heart, a nearly potential anterior mediastinum (mediastinum anterius [TA]) lying in front, and a posterior mediastinum (mediastinum posterius [TA]) behind, containing the esophagus, descending aorta, and thoracic duct.
Synonym(s): interpleural space, mediastinal space.

mediastinum

The central compartment of the chest, flanked on either side by the lungs, and containing the heart, the origins of the great blood vessels, the TRACHEA and the main BRONCHI, the OESOPHAGUS and many lymph nodes.

mediastinum

the space in the chest of mammals containing the HEART, TRACHEA and OESOPHAGUS.

Mediastinum

The area between the lungs, bounded by the spine, breastbone, and diaphragm.
Mentioned in: Lung Biopsy, Pneumothorax

me·di·as·ti·num

(me'dē-ă-stī'nŭm) [TA]
1. A septum between two parts of an organ or a cavity.
2. The median partition of the thoracic cavity, covered by the mediastinal part of the parietal pleura and containing all the thoracic viscera and structures except the lungs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dalal U, Jora MS, Dalal AK, Attri AK, Singal R, Gupta S.Primary germ cell tumor of the mediastinum - presenting as a huge mass.Int J Prev Med 2014;5:230-2.
Primary thymic neoplasms, and lymphomas are the most common tumours in mediastinum, nearly 50% of all mediastinal masses were anterior mediastinal tumours, which included thymic cysts, thymomas, a case of thymic lipoma, teratoma, thymic hyperplasia, colloid goiter thyroid each and lymphomas [5].
With increasing length of mid-thoracic ESCC, the lymph node metastasis into the middle mediastinum rose.
Transport of air along sheaths of pulmonic blood vessels from alveoli to mediastinum:clinical implications.
Therefore, the objective of this study was to verify the implications on voice and swallowing in patients with tumors located in the mediastinum.
Spontaneous mediastinum if diagnosed by chest radiograph with the exclusion of any perforation related to intrathoracic viscus, does not require further imaging by CT.
Patients, who underwent surgery for lesions localized in the posterior or middle mediastinum, were placed in lateral decubitus position slightly tilted anteriorly.
The cervical approach will enable the resection of lesions in the neck and upper mediastinum, whereas large mediastinal lesions and lower or posterior mediastinal lesions will require thoracotomy, median sternotomy, or thoracoscopy.
The mediastinal Mullerian cyst is a recently established type of mediastinal cyst, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of mediastinal cysts located in the paravertebral space of the posterior mediastinum in perimenopausal women or even in young women that are obese or have a previous gynecological history or hormonal abnormalities.
Chest computed tomography (CT) was performed in other hospital and showed right hilum expansion and mediastinum lymph node enlargement.
A chest X-ray demonstrated an abnormal right cardiomediastinal silhouette with large opacity over the right mediastinum adjacent to the right atrial border.