mediastinal fibrosis


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Related to mediastinal fibrosis: bridging fibrosis

fibrosis

 [fi-bro´sis]
formation of fibrous tissue; see also fibroid degeneration. adj., adj fibrot´ic.
congenital hepatic fibrosis a developmental disorder of the liver, marked by formation of irregular broad bands of fibrous tissue containing multiple cysts formed by disordered terminal bile ducts, resulting in vascular constriction and portal hypertension.
cystic fibrosis (cystic fibrosis of pancreas) see cystic fibrosis.
diffuse idiopathic interstitial fibrosis (diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis) idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
endomyocardial fibrosis an idiopathic type of myocardiopathy that is endemic in various parts of Africa and rarely in other areas, characterized by cardiomegaly, marked thickening of the endocardium with dense white fibrous tissue that may extend to involve the inner myocardium, and by congestive heart failure.
idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis chronic inflammatory progressive fibrosis of the pulmonary alveolar walls, with steadily progressive dyspnea, resulting in death from oxygen lack or right heart failure. Most cases are of unknown origin, although some are thought to result from pneumoconiosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, scleroderma, and other diseases.
mediastinal fibrosis development of hard white fibrous tissue in the upper portion of the mediastinum, sometimes obstructing the air passages and large blood vessels; called also fibrosing or fibrous mediastinitis.
periureteral fibrosis retroperitoneal fibrosis.
pleural fibrosis fibrosis of the visceral pleura so that part or all of a lung becomes covered with a plaque or a thick layer of nonexpansible fibrous tissue. The more extensive form is called fibrothorax.
postfibrinous fibrosis that occurring in tissues in which fibrin has been deposited.
proliferative fibrosis that in which the fibrous elements continue to proliferate after the original causative factor has ceased to operate.
pulmonary fibrosis idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
retroperitoneal fibrosis deposition of fibrous tissue in the retroperitoneal space, producing vague abdominal discomfort, and often causing blockage of the ureters, with resultant hydronephrosis and impaired renal function, which may result in renal failure. Called also Ormond disease.
fibrosis u´teri a morbid condition characterized by overgrowth of the smooth muscle and increase in the collagenous fibrous tissue of the uterus, producing a thickened, coarse, tough myometrium.

me·di·as·ti·nal fi·bro·sis

fibrosis that may obstruct the superior vena cava, pulmonary arteries, veins, or bronchi; most common cause is histoplasmosis; less commonly tuberculosis or unknown.

fibrosing mediastinitis

A disorder most commonly linked to histoplasmosis that is characterised by exuberant fibrosis of the mediastinum, resulting in compromised air and blood flow in mediastinal vessels and pressure on mediastinal structures, with morbidity related to the location and extent of fibrosis.

me·di·as·ti·nal fi·bro·sis

(mē'dē-ă-stī'năl fī-brō'sis)
Fibrosis that may obstruct the superior vena cava, pulmonary arteries, veins, or bronchi; most common cause is histoplasmosis; less commonly tuberculosis or unknown.
References in periodicals archive ?
In both cases, mediastinal fibrosis occurred in the absence of autoimmune pancreatitis.
These delayed manifestations are divided into 3 main categories: 1) histoplasmoma, 2) broncholithiasis, and 3) mediastinal granuloma and mediastinal fibrosis. (7)
Mediastinal granuloma and mediastinal fibrosis. Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2002;23:135-43.
Chest x-ray showed no features of mediastinal fibrosis. Sputum culture did not detect any bacteria or acid-fast bacilli.
In patients with Cowden's syndrome, retroperitoneal fibrosis, mediastinal fibrosis, sclerosing cholangitis, Riedel's thyroiditis, and inflammatory pseudotumor of the orbit can all manifest, either alone or in combination.