mediastinal cyst


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Related to mediastinal cyst: bronchogenic cyst

mediastinal cyst

A generic term for any cyst or cyst-like mass found in the mediastinum. Once a cystic mass is identified by imaging, the normal next step is a biopsy to determine its nature.

Mediastinal cysts
▪ Proper cysts
▪ Bronchogenic cyst
▪ Enteric cyst
▪ Meningocoele
▪ Pericardial cyst
▪ Thymic cyst
▪ Thyroid/parathyroid
▪ Vascular—lymphangioma/haemangioma
▪ Neoplasms with cysts
▪ Hodgkins lymphoma
▪ Seminoma
▪ Teratoma
▪ Thymoma
▪ Vascular
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References in periodicals archive ?
However, the fact that cysts in the retroperitoneum often have endocervical differentiation unlike mediastinal cysts implies that mediastinal Mullerian cysts are not simply a counterpart of retroperitoneal Mullerian cyst.
A 49-year-old woman presented to our clinic for the first time in consultation because of an incidental finding of a paraspinal mediastinal cyst. She was a healthy-appearing, obese (BMI 30.6) woman who recently moved from West Virginia.
Mediastinal ectopic pancreas with increase in endocrine cells that coexisted with mediastinal cyst and thymic hyperplasia has never been reported previously.
Depending on the time of separation from the primary airways, bronchogenic cysts may present as mediastinal cysts (early separation; majority of the cases; almost 65%) close to the tracheobronchial tree or as pulmonary cysts within the lung parenchyma (late in gestation; third trimester) [1, 5].
INTRODUCTION: Germ cell tumours are most commonly located within the gonads (3, 4) Common sites are: Ovary (ovarian cyst), Testis (teratoma), Rare sites are: Retroperitoneum (retroperitoneal cyst), Mediastinum (mediastinal cyst), Sacrococcygeal, CNS, Post anal dermoid.
Keywords: Mediastinal cyst Enteric cyst Congenital cyst.
Mediastinal cysts are rarely encountered lesions in the practice of thoracic surgery.
They typically present in the middle mediastinum, representing approximately 33% of mediastinal cysts and 6-7% of mediastinum masses [1].
(3) Kobayashi in 2012, Simmons in 2013 (who reported two separate cases), and Chon in 2014 reported mediastinal cysts that had expectant follow-ups.
Mediastinal cysts are uncommon and usually diagnosed by routine radiographic imaging procedures.
There have been multiple reports of mediastinal cysts causing cardiac failure due to their compressive effects on the cardiac chambers [21].
It is important for the pathologists to be aware of the vast differential diagnosis of mediastinal cysts on histopathology which would require thorough sampling to arrive at a correct diagnosis.