medial circumflex femoral artery


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me·di·al cir·cum·flex fem·o·ral ar·ter·y

[TA]
artery that, with the lateral circumflex femoral artery encircles the proximal femur and is the primary blood supply of the femoral head and neck; origin, profunda femoris; distribution, hip joint, muscles of thigh; anastomoses, inferior gluteal, superior gluteal, lateral circumflex femoral (so-called "cruciate anastomosis").

me·di·al cir·cum·flex fem·o·ral ar·te·ry

(mē'dē-ăl sĭr'kŭm-fleks fem'ŏr-ăl ahr'tĕr-ē) [TA]
Origin, profunda femoris; distribution, hip joint, muscles of thigh; anastomoses, inferior gluteal, superior gluteal, lateral circumflex femoral.
Synonym(s): arteria circumflexa femoris medialis, medial circumflex artery of thigh, medial femoral circumflex artery.
References in periodicals archive ?
The medial circumflex femoral artery traverses between the adductor magnus and the adductor longus muscles and enters the deep surface of the gracilis muscle approximately 6-10 cm inferior to the pubic tubercle [Figure 3].
The medial circumflex femoral artery is the dominant pedicle to the gracilis muscle.
In addition, an arthroscopic approach to the peripheral compartment distal to the zona orbicularis increases the risk of injury to the nutrient vessels of the head of the femur, such as a branch of the medial circumflex femoral artery [8, 9].
Perineoscrotal reconstruction using a medial circumflex femoral artery perforator flap.
Scrotal reconstruction following Fournier gangrene using the medial circumflex femoral artery perforator flap.
The second instance was anterior to the proximal part of the adductor magnus muscle, where the posterior division is crossed by the arterial anastomosis between the muscular branches of the medial circumflex femoral artery and the anterior branch of the obturator artery (Figure 4).
A branch enters the trochanteric fossa to join the inferior gluteal artery and ascending branch of the medial circumflex femoral artery while other branches run through gluteus minimus muscle to supply the hip joint (Standring).

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